RGS6036.E1.ex2.1

RGS6036.E1.ex2.1 - Name: Exercise Number: 2.1 Exercise...

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Name: Exercise Number: 2.1 Exercise Theory Title: Normative Ethics 1-Theory Description Normative ethics is simply the study of what makes our actions right or wrong. LeBuffe explains that they describe the demands of reason or what we do, strive to do, or ought to do if we are guided by reason. Basically, normative ethics explain the correlation between non-moral values, moral values and moral obligation. Non-moral value is a belief that there are no absolutes of right and wrong based on certain situations and or conditions. They may include circumstances that involve our own desire without considering moral obligation. They are things people have preferences for, but one would not necessarily consider it wrong or right to value them. Examples include popularity, reputation or wealth. A moral value is a belief that there is such a thing as right and wrong despite the situation. They are the standards of what’s good and what’s not. These standards govern an individual’s behavior and choices. They are virtues that we all possess. Examples of moral values include honesty, justice or responsibility. Finally, moral obligation is an obligation coming from what we consider right or wrong. It is also a duty, which one owes, and which one ought to perform, but is not legally bound to fulfill. An example of moral obligation could include a father's promise to his dying wife that their son would have the necessary to be able to finish college. Normative ethics involve opinions on what is good (non-moral values), right (moral values) and essential (moral obligation). They are generally categorized into two sub-groups: teleological and deontological theories. Frankena explains that “a teleological theory says that the basic or ultimate criterion or standard of what is morally right, wrong, obligatory, etc., is the nonmoral value that is brought into being. (Frankena, 1973, 14)” In other words, it is a theory that is justified by the end results. As described by Wittjen, in this theory, we would consider the ends, or the outcomes of our
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course BUS 6036 taught by Professor Ivanov during the Spring '11 term at Dallas.

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RGS6036.E1.ex2.1 - Name: Exercise Number: 2.1 Exercise...

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