RGS6036.E1.ex2.6 - Name Exercise Number 2.6 Exercise Theory...

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Name: Exercise Number: 2.6 Exercise Theory Title: Kant’s Formalism Theory 1-Theory Description Immanuel Kant believes that a person's choices should have nothing to do with the desired outcome. Instead mankind simply goes about doing “good” because it is morally correct. According to Kant, moral reasoning is not based on factual knowledge and that reason by itself can reveal the basic principles of morality. His theory focuses on the form or structure of a moral judgment. Frankena explains what Kant calls the first form of the categorical imperative, “Act only on that maxim which you can at the same time will to be a universal law (Frankena, 1973, 18).” Mainly, we should act regardless of our own aims or purposes, only on maxims (general ways of acting) that we could will that everyone else also adopts. However, we should ask whether the universal adoption of such a way of acting would be reliable or acceptable to rational beings. Overall, Kant’s theories include the concepts of good will, the categorical imperative, universal acceptability, and humanity as an end rather than a means. First, the concept of good will states that the only good thing in the world is "good will." Other things
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course BUS 6036 taught by Professor Ivanov during the Spring '11 term at Dallas.

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RGS6036.E1.ex2.6 - Name Exercise Number 2.6 Exercise Theory...

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