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Unformatted text preview: Name: Exercise Number: 2.8 Exercise Theory Title: Utilitarian Theory 1-Theory Description Frankena explains that utilitarianism, also called ethical universalism, “takes the position that the ultimate end is the greatest general good—that an act or rule of action is right if and only if it is, or probably is, conducive to at least as great a balance of good over evil in the universe as a whole as any alternative would be, wrong if it is not, and obligatory if it is or probably is conducive to the greatest possible balance of good over evil in the universe(Frankena, 1973, 15-16).” Mainly, individuals consider an act right if it is useful in bringing about the best consequences. The right action is the one which beings about the most overall pleasure for all individuals concerned. It is a normative ethical theory that places the focus of right and wrong solely on the outcomes (consequences) of choosing one action over other actions. It takes into account the interests of others instead of one’s interests. This theory is in opposition to egoism. of others instead of one’s interests....
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- Spring '11
- Ethics , Jeremy Bentham, utilitarian theory