RGS6036.E1EX4 - Name: Course: RGS6036.E1 EXERCISE 4 1. In...

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Name: Course: RGS6036.E1 EXERCISE 4 1. In your own words, define the Ethics for Decision Making Paradigm. Ethics has been defined as the study of human values and moral conduct. It seeks to answer or address questions about human morality. This includes aspects such as what’s considered good and bad, or right and wrong. It may be important to first understand and address how we view those aspects and what factors could influence our decisions. The concept of ethics states that there are norms, principle and values that could help us in living right. Those factors may be product of rational reflection and are not universally true. They teach us a behavior to adopt in making decisions but don’t specify what the decisions should be. In some examples, ethics lead us to make decisions that may not necessary be the ones we would like to make. When an organization tells us to follow a certain form of ethics, we may follow it in order to become “good” but not because of what virtue it is. Ethical conduct includes much more factors than our moral standards that may lead us to make decisions. Those factors could help us identify and understand our own ethical decision-making process and foretell other’s behaviors. The decision making paradigm is a system of concepts or practices that constitutes a way of viewing and understanding our decision-making process. Those aspects include Values and Beliefs, Wants and Needs, Relationships, Intelligence, and Discipline.
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The sources of one’s values and beliefs include: (a) folkway, (b) custom and tradition, (c) social norms, (d) law, and (e) religion. a- Folkway Folkways are the customs and beliefs common to members of a society or a culture. They are simply habits and principles that we learned from our childhood. Folkway is another way to say “the way of the folks.” Examples of folkway could include food preferences, wearing gender appropriate clothing or respecting privacy. Many values and beliefs originated from folkways are considered appropriate and suitable to society while others may not. They may have a powerful influence on an individual’s mind and may be difficult to change. For example, John’s society’s members don’t use food utensils. It would be difficult for John, who is used to eating with his hands, to start eating with utensils. b- Custom and Tradition Custom and tradition are accepted or habitual practices that may have been passed from generation to generation. They are an inherited pattern of thought or action. An individual’s values and beliefs may be originated from those factors. For example, Christmas traditions are different in many countries. While Latvians believe that Father Christmas bring gift on each of the 12 days of Christmas starting on Christmas Eve, some Russians celebrate Christmas more often on January 7 th . Customs and tradition may have a great effect on how people think and react. c-
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course BUS 6036 taught by Professor Ivanov during the Spring '11 term at Dallas.

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RGS6036.E1EX4 - Name: Course: RGS6036.E1 EXERCISE 4 1. In...

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