Module_24_Student

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Module 24: operant conditioning September 23rd, 2010 What is operant conditioning?  Behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher  Operates on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli Topics for todays class  Skinners Experiments  Extending Skinners Understanding  Skinners Legacy  Skinners experiments b.f. skinner  English major  Aspiring writer  Went to graduate school for psychology  Modern behaviorisms most influential and most controversial figure Law of effect  Skinner built on this idea first proposed by Thorndike  Behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable Operant chamber  Using the law of effect Skinner developed principles of behavioral control  Also referred to as the Skinner box  Pull habits out of animals to foster shaping  Reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior  successive approximations must receive reward  Reinforcement of childrens whining Types of reinforcers  Any event that strengthens/increases the frequency of a response Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Primary and Conditioned reinforcers Immediate and delayed reinforcers Positive reinforcement  Increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli  After presentation, response is strengthened  Examples Food Getting a hug Negative reinforcement  Increasing behavior by stopping or reducing negative stimuli  Any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens behavior  NOT punishment! Primary reinforcers...
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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