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Modules_31_32_Student

Modules_31_32_Student - Module31:thinking Thinkingtopics...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  2/4/11 Module 31:  thinking
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 2/4/11 Thinking topics Concepts Problem-solving Decision-making and Judgments
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 2/4/11 CONCEPTS
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 2/4/11 CONCEPTS Give us information with little cognitive effort So that every object does not need a unique  name A mental grouping of similar objects, events,  ideas or people Example:  chair
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 2/4/11 hierarchies We organize concepts into categories Example:  Cab drivers Geographical sectors Neighborhoods Blocks
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 2/4/11 prototypes A mental image or best example of a category Example:  Bird Robin  Penguin Matching new items to a prototype provides a  quick and easy method for sorting items into a  category
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 2/4/11 PROBLEM-SOLVING
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 2/4/11 Algorithms A methodical, logical rule or procedure that  guarantees solving a problem Apply trial and error Example: SPLOYOCHYG
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 2/4/11 heuristics A simple thinking strategy that often allows us  to make judgments and solve problems  efficiently Usually speedier and more error prone than  algorithms
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 2/4/11 insight A sudden and often novel realization of the  solution to a problem Contrasts with strategy-based solutions
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