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Emotion - Emotion Modules 40-42 November 30th 2010...

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Emotion Modules 40-42 November 30 th , 2010
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Theories of Emotion Embodied Emotion Emotions and The Autonomic  Nervous System Physiological Similarities Among  Specific Emotions Physiological Differences Among  Specific Emotions Cognition And Emotion
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Emotion Emotions are our body s adaptive response.
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Theories of Emotion Emotions are a mix of 1) physiological activation, 2)  expressive behaviors, and 3) conscious experience.
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Controversy 1) Does physiological arousal precede or follow  your emotional experience? 1) Does cognition (thinking) precede emotion  (feeling)?
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Commonsense View When you become happy, your heart starts beating  faster. First comes conscious awareness, then comes  physiological activity. Bob Sacha
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James-Lange Theory William James and Carl  Lange proposed an idea  that was diametrically  opposed to the common- sense view.  The James- Lange Theory proposes  that physiological activity  precedes the emotional  experience.
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Cannon-Bard Theory Walter Cannon and  Phillip Bard questioned  the James-Lange Theory  and proposed that an  emotion-triggering  stimulus and the body's  arousal take place  simultaneously.
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Two-Factor Theory Stanley Schachter and  Jerome Singer proposed  yet another theory which  suggests our physiology  and cognitions create  emotions. Emotions have  two factors–physical  arousal and cognitive  label.
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Embodied Emotion We know that emotions involve bodily responses.  Some of these responses are very noticeable  (butterflies in our stomach when fear arises), but  others are more difficult to discern (neurons activated  in the brain).
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Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous  System During an emotional experience, our autonomic  nervous system mobilizes energy in the body that  arouses us.
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Arousal and Performance Arousal in short spurts is adaptive. We perform  better under moderate arousal, but optimal  performance varies with task difficulty. 
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Physiological Similarities Physiological responses related to the emotions of  fear, anger, love, and boredom are very similar. Excitement and fear involve a similar physiological arousal.
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