3502_Psychological_Measurement_Lecture

3502_Psychological_Measurement_Lecture - KIN3502:Testsand...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style   KIN 3502: Tests and  Measurement in Kinesiology Measuring Psychological Attributes
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  Chapter 17 Outline Psychological Constructs Measuring Attitudes Psychological Determinants of Physical Activity Eating Disorders Body Image Psychophysical Ratings
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  Psychological Determinants of  Physical Activity Important to assess determinants of physical  activity Public health benefits of physical activity  promotion Adherence to exercise programs is generally  low Dropout rate of 50% (Dishman, 1990)
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  Predictors of Physical Activity Dishman, 1990: Smoking behavior Occupational level Body composition Exercise history Self-motivation Knowledge of health benefits Positive affect Perceived efficacy
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  Psychological Constructs Many different classes, or categories, of  psychological constructs  Summarized by Ostrow (1996), with  description of 314 instruments Detailed description of source, purpose, test  construction, reliability and validity evidence,  norms, contact information
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  20 Categories of  Achievement  orientation Aggression Anxiety Attention Attitudes (towards  exercise and PA) Attitudes (towards  sport) Attributions Body image Cognitive strategies Cohesion Confidence (sport) Imagery Leadership Life adjustment Locus of control Miscellaneous  (variety of specific  constructs) Motivation  (exercise) Motivation (sport) Multidimensional  (measure multiple 
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  Questionnaires Used to measure beliefs, practices, attitudes, and  knowledge. Important issues: cover letters/instructions timing appearance length content
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  Questionnaires – Which one to  use? Search the literature to find one that has already  been developed Design your own Clarify the goal of the questionnaire What do you want to find out? Pilot test Make sure you can analyze the data 
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  Measuring Attitudes “...feelings about particular social objects- physical objects, types of people, particular  persons, social institutions, government policies”  (Nunnally, 1978) Response usually is a Disagree - Agree  continuum Usually range from 2 to 7 response options Some (negatively-worded) items should be  reverse-scored when entering data
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Attitudes Affect Behavior Cognition (Belief) Attitude Affect (Emotion) Behavior Tendency
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course KIN 3502 taught by Professor Porter during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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3502_Psychological_Measurement_Lecture - KIN3502:Testsand...

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