Chapter_13_Transfer_of_Learning_Moodle

Chapter_13_Transfer_of_Learning_Moodle - Click to edit...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/4/11 Transfer of Learning 2/4/11 Transfer of Learning  In general, transfer of learning occurs from practice to target context  The gain or loss of a persons proficiency on one task as a result of previous experience  What a person learns during practice vs. what he or she can do in the target context 2/4/11 Transfer of Learning  Influence of previous experience on  Learning a new skill  Performing a skill in a new context The influence can result in  Positive transfer  Negative transfer 2/4/11 Transfer of Learning  Transfer principle has practical and theoretical significance for: Sequencing skills to be learned Developing instructional methods Assessing the effectiveness of practice conditions 2/4/11 Applications of Transfer  Sequencing activities to help a person to learn a skill Applications 1. Rehab settings  develop progressions of therapy activities 2. P.E. settings  develop sequences of activities within a curriculum or in a unit of instruction 2/4/11 Positive Transfer  There are two commonly accepted reasons  Both based on the relationship between the previous and new experience or context 1. Similarity of skill and context components  Thorndikes identical elements theory 2. Similarity of processing requirements  Transfer-appropriate processing view 2/4/11 Explanations for Positive Transfer  Both involve the relationship between the previously experienced skill and the new skill or context 2/4/11 Explanations for Positive Transfer 1. Similarity of skill or context components Based on: Thorndikes (1914) identical elements theory Positive transfer increases as the number of common skill components (elements) 2/4/11 Explanations for Positive Transfer 2. Similarity of information processing activity required Based on: Transfer-appropriate-processing view of the practice test relationship Positive transfer increases as the similarity of the information processing activity increases for the two skills/contexts 2/4/11 Explanations for Positive Transfer v Although much remains unknown about the cause of transfer of learning, evidence points to the value of both hypotheses in accounting for transfer effect 2/4/11 Negative Transfer  Considered and temporary in motor skill learning  Occurs when new skill or context involves Similar environmental context features but...
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Chapter_13_Transfer_of_Learning_Moodle - Click to edit...

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