Latin American History- Intro

Latin American History- Intro - 2. Lumps people of diverse...

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Introduction to Latin America 1. Terms a. “Latin America” Came from the French in the mid-1800s. They wanted Latin America to look to France for leadership rather than more anglo regions b. Iberia- Portugal and Spain c. Latin America- South of the United States d. Mezo America- Central/southern Mexico e. Central America- Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama f. South America- South of Panama g. Southern Cone- Chili, Argentina, Uruguay h. Caribbean- Islands, costal areas 2. Human Diversity a. Indigenous (“Indios”)- 50 million i. Prefer indigenous language over Spanish and Portuguese ii. Live mostly in Mezo America, Guatemala, and the Andes iii. Located in isolated, rural areas (resembling pre-European) iv. Viewed as savage by Europeans v. “Indo” is a negative term: 1. Derogatory, used for discrimination with negative connotations
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Lumps people of diverse backgrounds together 3. Columbus thought he was in India b. Mestizo (mixed)- 300 million i. Located in Mexico, Central, Rural south, and Caribbean ii. Many try to hide or deny their heritage c. Afro-Latin Americans- 50 million i. Located in the Caribbean, Dominican Republic, Haiti (largest pockets) ii. From 1492-1800, 80% of the people making the trip from the Old world to the New world were Africans d. Euro-Latin Americans (mostly white)- 150 million i. Located in large cities, Southern Cone ii. Viewed as ideal 3. Culture a. Iberian is the culturally dominant strain b. Very Catholic c. Gender roles i. “Machismo” (males)- main goal is to preserve honor ii. “Mariamismo” (female) very sacrificial, loyal...
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course HIST 238 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '11 term at Calvin.

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