Biology 115 Notes

Biology 115 Notes - The Philosophy and History of Science...

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The Philosophy and History of Science and Nature 1. Views on the nature of science a. The Greek contributions (400-200 BC) i. Platonic (Plato, 427-347 BC) 1. Nature is perceived through senses 2. Nature is dualistic (imperfect, so it needs change) 3. Intellect seeks to bring order (it is perfect, so it is constant) ii. Aristotelian (Aristotle, 384-322 BC) 1. Nature is perfect and has a purpose 2. 3 souls: a. Vegetative: plants, animals, humans b. Sensitive: animals, humans c. Rational: humans 3. Spontaneous generation (things just appear out of nowhere) iii. Stoic (Zeno, 490-430 BC) 1. Free of passion, unmoved by emotion 2. There is one dynamic ordering principle in nature 3. Our goal is to have harmony with nature iv. Epicurean (Epicurus, 342-270 BC) 1. Highest goal is pleasure 2. Everything is made of random atoms 3. There is no purpose or end to anything b. The Medieval view of nature (700-1500 AD) i. A blend of Greek and Bible ii. Nature is perfect iii. Highly ordered (blend of Aristotle/Stoic—we have a creating/purposing God)
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course BIO 115 taught by Professor Bouma during the Spring '11 term at Calvin.

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Biology 115 Notes - The Philosophy and History of Science...

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