polysci 111 secture 2 - The U.S. Constitution Timeline of...

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The U.S. Constitution
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Timeline of the Founding 1775-81 Revolutionary War 1776 Declaration of Independence 1781 Articles of Confederation 1787 Constitutional Convention 1789 Constitution Ratified
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Unitary System Independent States Federation Confederation
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Articles of Confederation 1781–1789 Limited powers of central government No independent judiciary or executive branch Confederation of equal states Congressional representatives chosen by the state legislatures
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Failures of the Articles of Confederation Could not solve collective dilemmas, especially collective action problems, among the states Competition for foreign commerce One state could veto amendments States didn’t pay their debts, didn’t contribute to common goals
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Examples 12 states wanted to raise money for common defense, but the 13th (Rhode Island) vetoed the idea Had to “requisition” the states for money Collected only 20% of what the states owed States began to strike individual deals with foreign governments Shay’s Rebellion
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Why Have a Constitutional Convention? To resolve the underlying collective dilemmas To establish a government to achieve goals for the group as a whole To promote commerce and protect property from radical state legislatures
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polysci 111 secture 2 - The U.S. Constitution Timeline of...

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