ch 1 notes- weiten book - Psych 111 Chapter 1 Weiten Notes...

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Psych 111 Chapter 1 Weiten Notes Psychology Comes from two greek words o Pysche- soul o Logos- the study of a subject o “the study of the mind” Investigate functions rather than structure Wilhelm Wundt o Mounted campaign to make psychology an independent discipline rather than a stepchild of philosophy or physiology G. Stanley Hall o Established first research lab in psychology at Johns Hopkins U o Launched America’s first psychological journal o Driving force to the American Psychological Association (APA) o First president of APA Structuralism Based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements Investigate how these elements are related Introspection Careful, systematic self-observation of one’s own conscious experience Requires training to make the subject more objective and aware Functionalism Based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than structure Natural Selection Heritable characteristics
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o Provide a survival or reproduction advantage o More likely than alternative characteristcs to be passed on to subsequent generations Becomes “selected” over time Sigmund Freud Treated people troubled by psychological problems (irrational fears, obsessions, etc) Innovative procedure- “psychoanalysis” According to Freud… Unconscious
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