lecture 1 psych - PSYCHOLOGY:

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PSYCHOLOGY : The scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior o Reflects the influences of: Biological processes Individual differences Time and culture – in which you were born and raised 4 GOALS : 1. Describe how people and animals behave 2. Understand and explain the causes of behavior 3. Predict behaviors / reactions across situations 4. Control behavior through understanding its causes and  consequences Biological perspective: Understand the mind and behavior through biological processes in the  brain Electrical and chemical processes of neurons Localization of function o Phineas Gage  Tamping iron, 13 ½ lbs   penetrated his head, lived, but his  personality was altered. He became irreverent and grossly  profane.  Psychodynamic Perspective: Identified the role of unconscious forces which determine behavior 
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Personality determined by early life experiences  o Were you bottle-fed or breast-fed? o Determined by the first 5 years of your life o Was your bottle taken away too early? Drives and motivations conflict leading to compromises  o Freud: thoughts, repressed memories)  Behaviorist Perspective: Focus on observable behavioral responses The environmental impact on a persons actions Classical conditioning  o Associative learning, neutral stimulus + unconditioned stimulus,  neutral will become a conditioned response  Operant conditioning 
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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lecture 1 psych - PSYCHOLOGY:

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