lecture 7 psych - Psychology111 Exam1 ConsciousnessPartTwo

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Psychology 111 Exam 1 Consciousness Part Two  Altered Levels of Consciousness Hypnosis: systematic procedure that typically produces heightened sense of  susceptibility o Various factors involved in hypnosis  Anesthesia  Sensory distortions Disinhibition Post-hypnotic amnesia Hilgard o Altered level of consciousness; dissociation  Spanos o Subjects interpret their behavior as caused by something other than self o Rituals surrounding hypnosis increase suggestibility and create expectations o Hypnotic subjects are those more likely to be absorbed in fantasy  o Summation of Spano’s beliefs  Hypnosis represents a voluntary action, brought about by expectations Hypnotic behaviors are highly motivated, goal directed social behaviors Hypnosis is not truly an altered state of consciousness  Good hypnotic subjects are most suggestible 
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Altered States: The Impact of Drugs on Consciousness Psychoactive Drugs: a substance that affects perception, mood, thinking,  memory or behavior by changing the body’s chemistry Tolerance: the progressive decrease in a person’s responsiveness to a drug Dependence o Psychological Dependence: person must continue to take a drug to satisfy  emotional cravings o Physical Dependence: person must continue to take to avoid withdrawal  illness  Categories of Drugs Stimulants : speed up activity in the CNS Opiates/Narcotics : mimic endorphins, increase pleasure and decrease pain Depressants/Sedatives : slow down CNS activity, induce sleep, decrease activity 
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lecture 7 psych - Psychology111 Exam1 ConsciousnessPartTwo

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