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Unformatted text preview: 22 2 Reading and Writing in College and Beyond What You Need to Know Reading carefully and purposefully can boost your chances of success in college, on the job, and in everyday life. Good readers can fi nd solid, prac- tical information about anything they are interested in — making money, investing, starting a business, fi nding a job, treating an illness, buying a car at the best price, and so on. Most of us don’t need to become lovers of good literature — though some of you may — but we do need to know how to read carefully — in college, at work, and in our everyday lives. This chapter previews the skills you need to succeed and also shows how they are linked to good writing. So use this chapter’s information to help you: Your grades depend on good reading skills. How to Read in College In college, you will read a variety of materials — course syllabi, handouts, textbooks, articles, essays, literature, Web sites, and more. While you will read these materials in slightly different ways, they all require you to be able to read closely and critically. Close reading means paying attention to every word and every point. You should closely read course syllabi, tests, and textbooks, taking in every word and highlighting important points. Critical reading requires both ■ IDEA JOURNAL What do you read regularly? When you need to concentrate, where do you read? Have you ever fi nished reading something and realized that you haven’t really remembered it? Why do you think this happens? You Know This You read and write all the time. • You read and respond to text messages. • You compose résumés and cover letters when searching for a job. • You go online to research the pur- chase of a car. ¡ WRITING ESSAYS Chapter 2 • Reading and Writing in College and Beyond 23 close reading and more — asking yourself why the author has made these points in this way, what they mean, and whether you agree. You will apply critical reading to textbooks, articles, essays, and literature. Critical reading is active. You have to get involved with what you read in order to understand it, and this means being mentally alert. For many people, lying down is not a good way to read because it can cause drowsi- ness. Instead, read sitting up with a good light source, and have a pencil, pen, or highlighter in your hand. Try reading aloud, too. The following basics will help you get the most out of the reading you do in this course and others. FOUR BASICS OF CRITICAL READING 1. Preview the essay, article, or chapter. 2. Find the main point and the support for that point. 3. Take notes on paper or in the text. 4. Review and respond to what you have read. Preview the Reading Before reading any piece of writing, skim or preview the whole thing, using the following steps....
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- Winter '10
- Writing, Writer, Dyslexia