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unfpa+Cairo+++15-1

unfpa+Cairo+++15-1 - Healthy Expectations Celebrating...

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International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, 15 years later
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TABLE OF CONTENTS A Message From Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, UNFPA Executive Director ..................... 1 What Is the Cairo Consensus and Why Does It Still Matter? .................................. 2 Reducing Extreme Poverty Is Intertwined With All of Cairo’s Goals. ...................... 6 Ensuring Access to Family Planning Is Key to Saving Lives and Improving Health .................................................................................................................. 9 Promoting Gender Equity Is Crucial for Development .............................................. 12 Ending Violence Against Women Is Essential to Health and Human Rights ...................................................................................................................... 14 Helping Girls Stay in School Is One of the Best Investments Possible ................. 15 Protecting the Health of Infants and Children Is an Important Goal of Cairo ........................................................................................................................ 18 Investing in Young People to Help Them Succeed Advances the Cairo Consensus ......................................................................................................... 20 Healthier Lives Depend on a Healthy Environment .................................................. 23 Where Do We Stand on the Promises of Cairo? ....................................................... 25 Family Planning Is Cost-Effective .................................................................................. 27 References ........................................................................................................................... 28 Resources ............................................................................................................................ 28 Cover photo: © UNFPA Copyright © UNFPA 2009. www.unfpa.org +1 (212) 297-5000 1875 Connecticut Ave., NW Suite 520 Washington, DC 20009 USA 202 483 1100 PHONE 202 328 3937 FAX [email protected] E-MAIL POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU
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Healthy Expectations 1 www.unfpa.org A MESSAGE FROM THORAYA AHMED OBAID, UNFPA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR. The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development changed the way the world views issues of population — moving away from a focus on numbers to a focus on human rights and dignity. To commemorate the 15th anniversary, UNFPA is pleased to issue this chartbook in cooperation with the Population Reference Bureau. Pointing to the connections between population, poverty, education, environment and health, it highlights areas that require urgent action and investment. At the Cairo Conference, 179 governments agreed to work together with partners to achieve universal access to education, especially for girls, to reduce infant, child and maternal mortality and to guarantee reproductive health, including family planning by 2015. Delegates from all regions agreed that every person has the right to sexual and reproductive health and that empowering women is a highly important end in itself that is essential to improving the quality of life of everyone. These goals and principles have been incorporated in the Millennium Development Goals that now provide a unifying framework for international development cooperation. While a solid legal and policy foundation has been laid in the last 15 years to improve living standards and equity, there remains a large gap between what is written down and people’s daily realities. While girls’ enrolment in school has risen along with access to family planning and care during pregnancy and childbirth, maternal mortality still represents the world’s largest health inequity, with a woman continuing to die each and every minute. Little improvement in this area points to the need for urgent action to strengthen health systems and protect the rights of girls and women.
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