Pielmeyer+Eval+PHE

Pielmeyer+Eval+PHE - Focus on population environment and...

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John Pielemeier ± F O C U S on population, environment, and security Issue 12 January 2007 Lessons From the First Generation of Integrated Population, Health, and Environment Projects By John Pielemeier How can isolated fishing communities reverse the double- edged sword of declining fisheries and growing families? And how can upland farmers better feed their families without destroying forest cover and increasing erosion? An assessment that I led for the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) found that an integrated approach to these issues—one that simultaneously addresses con- servation, family planning, and health needs—is provid- ing successful models for action from the Philippines to Madagascar. 1
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FOCUS on population, environment, and security 2 A Push Forward, Then a Setback The early years of the new millennium were good ones for population-environment (PE) and popula- tion-health-environment (PHE) initiatives, led by the creation in 2000 of the Packard Foundation’s Population-Environment Initiative and by the ini- tiation in 2002 of USAID’s Population-Health- Environment Program. 2 Both initiatives allocated money for family plan- ning and reproductive health programs in areas where population growth threatened biodiversity or endangered species. Both programs funded com- munity-based field projects that designed integrated methodologies to simultaneously achieve goals in dif- ferent sectors. These programs built upon the expe- riences of a modest number of PE field projects that had been funded in the late 1980s by the Summit, Hewlett, MacArthur, and Turner foundations. The Packard and USAID programs gave PE a timely push forward in countries such as the Philippines and Madagascar, supporting enough new pilot projects to allow us to judge whether this integrated approach could be successful in a variety of ecosystems and in different regions of the world. By 2003, 11 field projects were underway from Asia to Africa to Latin America, providing PE services in approximately 45 communities. But the stock market downturn of 2000-2003 intervened. The major reduction in investment resources led several foundations, including Packard, to reduce or eliminate funding for PE activities. While USAID has continued funding PHE programs, the gradual reduction and eventual ter- mination of Packard’s PE Initiative in 2005 meant that the overall worldwide level of PE funding in 2005 was substantially lower than in 2000. Many promising programs are in danger of shutting down, and there are almost no new resources available to expand PE/PHE programs. USAID and Packard Assessments In 2005, the Packard Foundation’s board of direc- tors called for a program assessment of its $16.5 mil- lion PE Initiative to determine what it had accom- plished. The initiative supported field projects in the Philippines, southern Mexico, Tanzania, and Madagascar that integrated conservation and fam- ily planning at the community level within areas of high biodiversity. Through separate grants, the
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