Ramin,+2009+_WHO_ - 886 Bull World Health Organ 2009;87:886...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 886 Bull World Health Organ 2009;87:886 | doi:10.2471/BLT.09.073445 Editorials Slums, climate change and human health in sub-Saharan Africa Brodie Ramin a a Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8M5, Canada. Correspondence to Brodie Ramin (e-mail: [email protected]). Sub-Saharan Africa is the least urban- ized region in the world. Only 39.1% of the region’s population lives in cities. 1 However, the region’s urban popula- tion is projected to more than double to 760 million by 2030. 1 The rate of urbanization makes it very challenging to manage. A recent paper in the New England Journal of Medicine argued that urbanization is a “health hazard for certain vulnerable populations, and this demographic shift threatens to create a humanitarian disaster.” 2 Urbanization in Africa is linked to poverty. Globally, nearly 1 billion people live in slums, and this number is projected to double to 2 billion in the next 30 years. 3 The United Na- tions Human Settlements Programme (UNHABITAT) defines a slum as an urban area with a lack of basic services (sanitation, potable water, electricity), substandard housing, overcrowding, unhealthy and hazardous locations, insecure tenure and social exclusion. 3 In sub-Saharan Africa, 71.8% of urban dwellers live in slums, the highest proportion in the world. 4 Over the coming decades, the effects of climate change will also be progressively felt across the African continent. Climate change and urban- ization will interact, with unpredictable effects. The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated that “urbanization and climate change may work synergistically to increase disease burdens.” 5 A significant share of ill health in slums stems from poor access to sanita- tion and clean drinking water. In 2000, 30–50% of African urban dwellers lacked a safe water supply....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/03/2011 for the course EEP 153 taught by Professor Marsh during the Spring '11 term at Berkeley.

Page1 / 2

Ramin,+2009+_WHO_ - 886 Bull World Health Organ 2009;87:886...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online