EEP101_23 - EEP101:Challenges and opportunities David...

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Unformatted text preview: EEP101:Challenges and opportunities David Zilberman Zilber@are.berkeley.edu University of California Berkeley Overview Major challenges Energy China and india Opportunities New IT Biotech Lessons of adoption in ag Implication Energy income growth and increased demand The good new- income world wide is growing The bad news- so is demand for energy Current unutilized capacity of oil are at less than 5 percent One million barrel reduction in production of oil generates immense pressure and raises prices Should the upper price gasoline be $3,$3.50 or what? Fuel choices -from bad to worse type Positive Negative Oil cheap Non renewable dirty Gas Clean Non renewable Nuclear No climate change Dangerous Non renewable Wind Cheap clean Birds, location Solar Clean renewable Need development Biofuel renewable Needs land Hydro Cheap renewable Fish, investment Hydrogen clean Need R&D AustraliaAUS 5,974. CanadaCAN 7,999.5 FranceFRA 4,458.6 GermanyDEU 4,263.5 GreeceGRC 2,622. JapanJPN 4,091.5 Korea, RepKOR 4,131.8 KuwaitKWT 6,956. NorwayNOR 5,920.6 PortugalPRT 2,465.1 SingaporeSGP 7,103.0 SwedenSWE 5,762.3 .United KingdomGBR 3,993.8 United StatesUSA 7,920 Energy and Resources Energy Consumption : Consumption per capitaUnits: Kilograms of oil equivalent (kgoe) per person per year Factors Income Population density Fuel price AngolaAGO 662.1 BangladeshBGD 144.9 EthiopiaETH 284.9 GeorgiaGEO 461.9 HaitiHTI 257.4 IndiaIND 514.3 IndonesiaIDN 710.5 YemenYEM 190.9 ZambiaZMB 607.7 ZimbabweZWE 774 . Energy and Resources Energy Consumption : Consumption per capitaUnits: Kilograms of oil equivalent (kgoe) per person per year 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 2014 20 40 60 80 100 120 China World Chinas pork production 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 2000 2010 2030 2050 Available Water Resources Water Demand, Best Case Water Demand, Worst Case China water situation-120-100-80-60-40-20 20 40 60 China from exporter to importer of petroleum New Waves of Information Technology CommunicationInternet, video Enhanced computing Remote sensing/ Geopositioning NetworksWeb Wireless MiniaturizationMicro and Nano Expanding Capabilities: Meeting Latent Demand Identification and Tracing: in regulation and marketing Who did it ? Identification of source of pollution, etc. pollution, etc....
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This document was uploaded on 02/04/2011.

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EEP101_23 - EEP101:Challenges and opportunities David...

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