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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Charlemagne By the sword and the cross By the sword and the cross, Charlemagne became master of Western Europe. It was falling into decay when Charlemagne be Charlemagne's grandfather was Charles Martel, the warrior who crushed the Saracens. Charlemagne was the elder son of Be Charlemagne was tall, powerful, and tireless. His secretary, Eginhard, wrote that Charlemagne had fair hair and a "face laugh Charlemagne's character was contradictory. In an age when the usual penalty for defeat was death, Charlemagne several tim Charlemagne Begins His Reign In 768, when Charlemagne was 26, he and his brother Carloman inherited the kingdom of the Franks. In 771 Carloman died, Charlemagne was determined to strengthen his realm and to bring order to Europe. In 772 he launched a 30-year campaign t The key to Charlemagne's amazing conquests was his ability to organize. During his reign he sent out more than 50 military e One of Charlemagne's minor campaigns has become the most famous. In 778 he led his army into Spain to battle the infidel S By 800 Charlemagne was the undisputed ruler of Western Europe. His vast realm covered what are now France, Switzerland,By 800 Charlemagne was the undisputed ruler of Western Europe....
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- Spring '08