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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 The Aboriginal People of Newfoundland The Beothuk people of Newfoundland were not the very first inhabitants of the island. Thousands of years before arrival there existed an ancient race, named the Maritime Archaic Indians who lived on the shores of Newfoundla (Red Ochre Indians, Marshall, 4.) Burial plots and polished stone tools are occasionally discovered near Beothuk remains. Some people speculate that, because of the proximity of the artifacts to the former lands of the Beothuk Maritime Archaic Indians and the Beothuk may have been related. It is not certain when the Beothuk arrived on th island. In fact little is actually known about the people, compared to what is known about other amerindian civilisa only artifacts and stories told by elders tell the historians who these people really were. Some speculate that they from "Labrador to Newfoundland across the strait of Belle Isle, which at one time was only 12 miles wide. By abo AD the Beothuk Indians were probably well settled into Newfoundland."(Red Ochre, 8) The Beothuk were not alone on Newfoundland wither. The Dorset Eskimos, who came from Cape Dorset regions north around 500 BC also shared the island. They presumably had contact with the Beothuk, exchanging tools or engaging in battle. In any case the Dorset Indians died out leaving Newfoundland empty to the control of the Beo people who now had no enemies and a wide vast territory. The Beothuk, although part of the Algonkian family de their own language and culture. The 400 words that are still known from their language prove their Algonkian her The development of their culture was a great success. The success of the Beothuk people as a whole was in parThe development of their culture was a great success....
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- Spring '08