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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 The Old Regime The Old Regime was a period of time often considered by many to be representative of a crashed society. Under the Old king was the absolute monarch. King Louis XIV had centralized power in the royal bureaucracy, the government departm policies. King Louis' reign in France played a significant role in its history and economy. He was a king to all during the m the time, but he was also a financial king to the rich because he created a tax system that only benefited those who were of the Old Regime, society was broken down into three orders or classes, known traditionally as estates. The most import consisted of the rebellious Nobility of the Second Estate which contained about 400,000 individuals who held all the publi kingdom.1 The first two estates numbered the least but held the most influence in the whole kingdom. Most of the King's Noble birth, and even the highest order of the First Estate, the Clergy, was filled with the younger sons of Noble families.2 the Second Estate paid hardly any taxes and generally consisted of the richest members of society. The First and Second together because they had similar political beliefs. The Third Estate strongly resented the advantages of the first two esta were the richest of the three estates. The First Estate consisted of the Clergy, or the Church. The First Estate owned nea land in France. This estate paid no taxes, but to support church activities such as running schools and caring for the poor tax on income.3 In addition, this estate was made up of the Nobles who lived luxurious lives in major French cities such a The First Estate perfectly illustrates the amount of power and wealth possessed by the Church during a time when Churc separated. The Second Estate in French life was mainly comprised of the Nobility. This class, generally characterized by society, enjoyed extensive rights and privileges, great land, and much wealth. The Nobles accumulated their wealth by co dues for the use of their farms or estates. Noblemen traditionally lived by the values of loyalty, courage, refined manners, However, while these aristocrats still claimed the privileges of their estate, many had forgotten their duties and values.5 T lopsided society was Nobility. The Third Estate consisted of French citizens who weren't classified as either Clergy or Nobility. Since the first tw from taxes, the Third Estate had to provide almost all of the country's income. Yet the Third Estate, easily the largest sincfrom taxes, the Third Estate had to provide almost all of the country's income....
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ENGL 1301 taught by Professor Chumchal during the Spring '08 term at Blinn College.
- Spring '08