Sallust's and Plutarch's View of the Moral Decline

Sallust's and Plutarch's View of the Moral Decline -...

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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 An Exploration of Sallust's and Plutarch's View of the Moral Decline of the Roman Republic Though there are varied dates as to the time that the Roman Republic stood, it is agreed upon as lasting approxi 500 years. During the last century of its existence (133 BC -27 BC) there were the many violent years of The Civi and much social strife. Though the end result of these final years of the res publica was the adoption of an Empe the birth of the Roman Empire, the focus of this paper will be the presentation of the nature of tensions at the end res publica using selections from Sallust and Plutarch as a basis. Sallust and Plutarch, while coming from different worlds and living different lives were very much alike in the thou they presented in their writing on the fall of the Roman Republic. Sallust was an active individual in Roman politic the Republic's decline. He was a tribune in 52 BC who was kicked out of the Senate amid allegations of immorali BC Sallust was in command of one of Julius Caesar's legions and was elected to Praetor in 47 BC. Taking part in African Campaign earned him the governorship of Numidia in. Upon his return to Rome in the early 40's BC howe was charged with extortion, only to be released by Caesar. At this point in his life he decided to become a writer o history and lived a quiet life doing that. Plutarch's life was very much different form Sallust's. Born in Chaeronea h remained there for much of his life. His last 30 years he spent as a Priest at Delphi. There he was a devout believ ancient pieties and a profound student of its antiquities. The only involvement in politics at the time were stories t was a man of influence and rumors of a governmental office being bestowed upon him by both Hadrian and Traja Despite the differences in their lives and backgrounds, their surviving literature has a basic underlying similarity morality. To be more specific, the lack of morality on the part of the rulers of Rome during the last century of the Republic. In the following essay I will show examples of how Sallust and Plutarch point out again and again the la morality in the characters about whom they write in reference to the decline of the Roman Republic. Sallust begins his Bellum Catalinae by telling us how the Roman Republic was built. He shows us that the people their differences and kept their common goal, peace, in mind. According to the version I have heard, in the begin Trojans who were wandering in exile without a fixed home under the leadership of Aeneas founded and controlle city of Rome as a free and independent Republic along with the indigenous people, A primitive tribe of men witho or organized government. It is remarkable how easily these two peoples united after they had been gathered togeor organized government....
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ENGL 1301 taught by Professor Chumchal during the Spring '08 term at Blinn College.

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Sallust's and Plutarch's View of the Moral Decline -...

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