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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Marco Polo Marco Polo is one of the most well-known heroic travelers and traders around the world. In my paper I will discus you Marco Polo& s life, his travels, and his visit to China to see the great Khan. Marco Polo was born in c.1254 in He was a Venetian explorer and merchant whose account of his travels in Asia was the primary source for the Eu image of the Far East until the late 19th century. Marco's father, Niccolò, and his uncle Maffeo had traveled to Ch (1260-69) as merchants. When they left (1271) Venice to return to China, they were accompanied by 17-year-old Marco and two priests. Early Life Despite his enduring fame, very little was known about the personal life of Marco Polo. It is known that he was bo a leading Venetian family of merchants. He also lived during a propitious time in world history, when the height of Venice§ s influence as a city-state coincided with the greatest extent of Mongol conquest of Asia(Li Man Kin 9). R Kublai Khan, the Mongol Empire stretched all the way from China to Russia and the Levant. The Mongol hordes threatened other parts of Europe, particularly Poland and Hungary, inspiring fear everywhere by their bloodthirsty advances. Yet the ruthless methods brought a measure of stability to the lands they controlled, opening up trade such as the famous Silk Road. Eventually ,the Mongols discovered that it was more profitable to collect tribute fro people than to kill them outright, and this policy too stimulated trade(Hull 23). Into this favorable atmosphere a number of European traders ventured, including the family of Marco Polo. The P had long-established ties in the Levant and around the Black Sea: for example, they owned property in Constanti and MarcoF s uncle, for whom he was named, had a home in Sudak in the Crimea(Rugoff 8). From Sudak, aroun another uncle, Maffeo, and Marco“ s father, Niccolò, made a trading visit into Mongol territory, the land of the Gold Horde(Russia), ruled by Berke Khan. While they were there, a war broke out between Berke and the Cowan of Le blocking their return home. Thus Niccolò and Maffeo traveled deeper into mongol territory, moving southeast to Bukhara, which was ruled by a third Cowan. While waiting there, they met an emissary traveling farther eastward invited them to accompany him to the court of the great Cowan, Kublai, in Cathay(modern China). In Cathay, Kub Khan gave the Polos a friendly reception, appointed them his emissaries to the pope, and ensured their safe trav Europe(Steffof 10). They were to return to Cathay with one hundred learned men who could instruct the Mongols Christian religion and the liberal arts.Christian religion and the liberal arts....
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ENGL 1301 taught by Professor Chumchal during the Spring '08 term at Blinn College.
- Spring '08