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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Russia, History, WWI - Steps Towards the Russian Revolution The quotation, "& I shall maintain the principle of autocracy just as firmly and unflinchingly as it was preserved by unforgettable dead father.' (Nicholas II) In spite of the Czar's decrees and declarations, Russia, by the beginning 20th century, was overripe for revolution," is supported by political and socioeconomic conditions late monarchial Nicholas II was the Czar of Russia from 1896-1917, and his rule was the brute of political disarray. An autocrat, Nicholas II had continued the divine-right monarchy held by the Romanovs for many generations. From the day R coronated Nicholas II as Emperor, problems arose with the people. As was tradition at coronations, the Emperor leave presents for the peasants outside Moscow. The people madly rushed to grab the gifts, and they trampled th in the bedlam. As an autocrat, no other monarch in Europe claimed such large powers or stood so high above his subjects as Nicholas II. Autocracy was traditionally impatient and short- tempered. He wielded his power through bureaucracy, which contained the most knowledgeable and skilled members of Russian high society. Like the Cz bureaucracy, or chinovniki, stood above the people and were always in danger of being poisoned by their own po When Sergei Witte acted as Russia's Minister of Finance from 1892 to 1903, attempted to solve Russia's "riddle o backwardness" in its governmental system. He is considered more of a forerunner of Stalin rather than a contemp Nicholas II. In 1900, Witte wrote a memorandum to Nicholas II, underscoring the necessity of industrialization in R After the government implemented Witte's plan, Russia had an industrial upsurge. All of Russia, however, shared deep-seated resentment of the sudden jump into an uncongenial way of life. Witte realized that Nicholas II was n to carry the burden of leading Russia to an industrial nation as a Great Power. Nicholas II's weakness was even o to himself, when he said, "I always give in and in the end am made the fool, without will, without character." At thi the Czar did not lead, his ministers bickered amongst themselves, and cliques and special-interest groups interfe the conduct of government. Nicholas II never took interest in public opinion, and seemed oblivious to what was happening around him. He was still convinced he could handle Russia himself. By 1902, the peasants had revolted against Witte's industrialization movements, which were marked by a raise in Russia spent more than it ever had. Russia was struggling in the European and Asian markets, and with much do unrest, Nicholas II did not want foreign affairs muddled as well. Nicholas II dismissed Witte from the Minister of Fi in August 1903....
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- Spring '08