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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Civil War The American Civil War The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the events surrounding the end of the American Civil Wa epic proportion. Never before and not since have so many Americans died in battle. The American Civil War was truly tra life. In this document, I will speak mainly around those involved on the battlefield in the closing days of the conflict. Also, r the leading men behind the Union and Confederate forces. The war was beginning to end by January of 1865. By then, F another name given to the Union Army) armies were spread throughout the Confederacy and the Confederate Army had In the year before, the North had lost an enormous amount of lives, but had more than enough to lose in comparison to th became known as the "Butcher" (Grant, Ulysses S., Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, New York: Charles L. Webster & Co wanted to see him removed. But Lincoln stood firm with his General, and the war continued. This paper will follow the hap between the winter of 1864-65 and the surrender of The Confederate States of America. All of this will most certainly illus was indeed the end of a tragedy. CUTTING OFF THE SOUTH In September of 1864, General William T. Sherman and h city of Atlanta of its civilian population then rested ever so briefly. It was from there that General Sherman and his army b the sea". The march covered a distance of 400 miles and was 60 miles wide on the way. For 32 days no news of him rea cut himself off from his base of supplies, and his men lived on what ever they could get from the country through which th the army destroyed anything and everything that they could not use but was presumed usable to the enemy. In view of th understandable that Sherman quoted "war is hell" (Sherman, William T., Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. Westpo Press, 1972). Finally, on December 20, Sherman's men reached the city of Savannah and from there Sherman telegraph beg to present you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah, with 150 heavy guns and plenty of ammunition, and also abo (Sherman, William T., Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. Westport, Conn.:Greenwood Press, 1972). Grant had dec to win and finish the war would be to crunch with numbers. He knew that the Federal forces held more than a modest adv and supplies. This in mind, Grant directed Sherman to turn around now and start heading back toward Virginia. He immed preparations to provide assistance to Sherman on the journey. General John M. Schofield and his men were to detach fro Cumberland, which had just embarrassingly defeated the Confederates at Nashville, and proceed toward North Carolina. to be Goldsboro, which was roughly half the distance between Savannah and Richmond. This is where he and his 20,000 Sherman and his 50,000 troops. Sherman began the move north in mid-January of 1865. The only hope of Confederate r supplied by General P.G.T. Beauregard. He was scraping together an army with every resource he could lay his hands o be able to muster about 30,000 men. This by obvious mathematics would be no challenge to the combined forces of Schobe able to muster about 30,000 men....
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