Palestinian Liberation Organization

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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Palestinian Liberation Organization 1. Can the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) justifiably claim to be 'the sole, legitimate representative of th Palestinian people.'? The PLO was set up in 1964 by an Arab League decision in response to growing signs of Palestinian unrest. The Palestinians desired to reclaim the lands occupied by Israel, which they felt belonged to them, as said in the Bible 1964 the Arab states created the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). While it was supposed to represent th Palestinians, in reality it represented the views of President Nasser of Egypt, who guided the formation of the PLO first leader made wild and irresponsible threats to drive Israelis into the sea, and had little support among Palestin he was seen as a puppet of the Egyptians. In the 1960s Palestinian students began to form their own organizatio independent of control by Arab governments (although the Syrians, Libyans, and Iraqis continued to fund and con particular groups). Yasser Arafat founded an independent Palestinian-run party called Fatah. He is said to have t backing, for most of the recent past, of about 80% of the Palestinian people. The position of the Arab governmen that a PLO under Arab League supervision would be the best way of satisfying the demands made by an emergin Palestinian national consciousness. Also, it was felt that through such an organization Arab governments could c Palestinian political activities. Ten years after its founding, the PLO was raised to the status of government. And in 1988, the PLO's status was raised again, this time to a state in exile. After several negotiations, Arafat became a Terrorist leader and adminis self-rule in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In the 1967 Six Day War, the Arab armies did very badly against Israel, losing 67,000 square kilometres of land. Palestinians came to believe that if they were ever to have their land, they would have to do it themselves. After t war, the situation changed drastically. The resistance activities of various guerrilla organizations, in particular the and the PFLP, gained the increasing support of the Palestinians. With Arafat at the helm from 1969 and a resistance-oriented leadership, the PLO was more effective and played a central role in mobilizing the Palestinian expanding its basis of support both at the local and international level. The PLO became an umbrella organizatio various guerrilla groups. This increase in support was made possible because of the Al-Fatah's ability to access to the growing numbers o volunteers from refugee camps which were freshly swollen due to the 1967 war. Most of these refugees suffered frustration of having been displaced twice in a lifetime. This generated, especially among the young, a mood of d as they were ready to question the credibility of the idea of relying on Arab governments to liberate Palestine....
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ENGL 1301 taught by Professor Chumchal during the Spring '08 term at Blinn College.

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Palestinian Liberation Organization - Sheet1 Page 1...

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