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Marxism - I Introduction II Marxism A Definition...

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Sheet1 Page 1 I. Introduction II. Marxism A. Definition & Explanation B. Example: Economic Evolution III. Resource Mobilization Theory (RMT) A. Definition & Explanation B. Example: The Parliament versus the Crown IV. Institutional Theory A. Definition & Explanation B. Example: Social Change V. Conclusion Human relationships have always been dynamic. Change and adaptability have gone hand in hand with the pass time for human society. Systems have been developed to regulate, direct and control the resources of this societ systems are referred to as governments and the resources as the populace or inhabitants and forces of productio government must be dynamic in its nature reflecting the change in society. At times these systems have resisted necessity to adapt with its components (Society) creating a deficit between the system and those it regulates. As deficits develop, they cause instability, and could lead to revolution.1 Theories have been developed to explain the systemic phenomenon called revolution. This paper will discuss thr modern theories and apply them to the English revolution of 1640. The first theory, developed by Carl Marx (Marx will address the economic evolution in English society. This theory will emphasize and explain how the shift from feudal/mercantile system to capitalism affected English society. The second, called the Resource Mobilization Th (RMT) developed by Charles Tilly, will explain how the English organizations (the Crown and the Parliament) effe obtained, amassed and managed resources. Samuel Huntington's, "Institutional Theory", will argue that the exist government at that time was unable to incorporate the demands and personnel that the socio-economic changes Marxism was formulated in the 19th century. Carl Marx and his associate Frederick Engels observed the socio-ec changes that were transpiring in Britain. England was the dominant world power and had the largest industrialize economy during the 1800's. The development of the factory and the institution of the assembly line created a larg demand for workers. This demand was satiated by migrating peasant from the rural areas in England and Ireland developing urban centers. As these urban centers or cities evolved using industry as the economic backbone for population, a large number of factory workers were accumulated to operate the machinery in horrid conditions. Th workers, which would be termed as the peasantry under a feudal system, were now the working class or proletar They entered cities with hopes of bettering their lives and survival. Though revolution never took place in England this period, it allowed Marx to study industrialization, urbanization and imperialism. The theory of Marxism has three basic concepts: historic materialism, forces of production and relations of produ Historic materialism is defined as a society's past performance and present capabilities of satisfying the basic me Humankind's basic needs of eating, drinking and shelter need to be met properly. The forces of production (techn capital, the infrastructure of society, etc.) are important for the simple fact of who ever controls them controls the
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