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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 The City of Today Glorious, glorious England. As the Empire spreads some say "so does its glory" pay for our greatness. Many of us Londoners have read, if not discussed, the intriguing debate transpiring betwee Andrew Ure and Sir James Phillips Kay. Are the cities of great England truly representative of the jewels in Her Majesty's Crown? Or are they the stain of exploitation and abuse that some have proclaimed? Sir James Phillips Kay, an M.D. at Edinburgh and the Secretary to the Manchester Board of Health, has recently published a work titled, "The Moral And Physical Conditions of the Working-Class Employed in Cotton Manufactu Manchester." (Kay/Ure Debate, Handout) He argues quite persuasively about those poor wretches living in the m hideous of conditions. Half the blame he attributes to the Irish and the other half to the environment of an industri city. The Irish immigrants have brought to Manchester a system called "cottier farming". Sir James argues that th is responsible for the "demoralisation and barbarism" of the working-class. If that is not bad enough, the potato ha introduced as a main article of food. Influenced by the Irish subsistence living, the working-class are abandoning values which promote increasing comfort. They seemingly have given up the hope of betterment and adopted hopelessness. Sir James does well in his description of the living conditions of the working class is living in. The mere thought o suffering and misery is shocking to the soul. The problem Kay argues, is caused by combinations of poor living a working conditions, lack of education, influence by a lesser culture and the presence of great immorality. This rec published work is a plea to the Capitalist, to convince him to concern himself with his workers. Andrew Mearns, another prominent fellow on these matters goes into even greater detail in his work, "The Bitter C Outcast London". Making a study of our city, he has reported, with astonishing detail, that the filth present in Man can be found in this city! Mr. Mearns makes his argument to the church in his call to unite and fight this growing m together. He cites examples of immorality, poverty and heart-breaking misery. His call also addresses the need fo state to intervene on the behalf of the organisations trying to elevate the working-classes' misery. What can be done for the motherless children, diseased and ailing siblings and the poor forced into thievery for fi lucre? Nothing! Yes, that is correct. We are to do nothing. Sir Andrew Ure, an M.D., who teaches in the university Glasgow is a proponent of this controversial mind set. Traveling to these various "terrible" places, Sir Andrew cam completely different conclusion. First, the workers suffering is being greatly exaggerated. Upon visiting these "hor zones" (factories), both on announced and unannounced visits, no such extremes were found. Instead of the find bleak picture Sir James and Mr. Mearns painted, Ure found something quite the opposite. Children play outside inbleak picture Sir James and Mr....
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ENGL 1301 taught by Professor Chumchal during the Spring '08 term at Blinn College.
- Spring '08