bio - Recessive-In a heterozygote, the allele that is...

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Chapter 9 Vocabulary (Part 1) Genetics- The scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation Self fertilize- The fusion of sperm and egg that are produced by the same individual organism Cross fertilize- True breeding- Hybrids- The offspring of two different varieties of plants or animals Cross- The cross-fertilization of two different varieties of an organism or of two different species; also called hybridization F 1 generation- The first filial, or hybrid, offspring in a genetic cross-fertilization F 2 generation- Offspring resulting from interbreeding of the hybrid F 1 generation Monohybrid cross- Alleles- Homozygous- Having two identical alleles for a given trait Heterozygous- Having two different alleles for a given genetic character Dominant allele- In a heterozygote, the allele that is fully expressed in the phenotype
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Unformatted text preview: Recessive-In a heterozygote, the allele that is completely masked in the phenotype Law of segregation- Punnett square-A diagram used in the study of inheritance to show the results of random fertilization Phenotype-The physical and physiological traits of an organism Genotype-The genetic makeup of an organism Dihybrid cross-An experimental mating of individuals in which the inheritance of two traits is tracked Law of independent assortment- Test cross- Rule of multiplication-A rule stating that the probability of a compound event is the product of the separate probabilities of the independent events Rule of addition-A rule stating that the probability of an event occurring when there are two or more alternative ways is the sum of the separate probabilities of the different ways...
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bio - Recessive-In a heterozygote, the allele that is...

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