AP English Allusions
In Greek mythology, Achilles was the son of Thetis, an immortal nymph, and Peleus, the
king of Myrmidons. Because he was dipped into the River Styx while he was still an
infant, his body was invulnerable. However, his heel was left unprotected because it was
the place where he was being held during the process. Legends believe that Achilles was
killed in battle by an arrow to his heel. Writers have utilized the term “Achilles’ heel” to
refer to one’s vulnerability.
In the Genesis (2: 21-3), Eve was created from the rib of Adam while he was asleep.
Because Eve (woman) was formed from the other half of man, it justifies the fact that
people believe that females are subordinate to males. “Adam’s rib” has been used as a
phrase to describe the battle of the sexes.
In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the son of Atreus and the brother of Menelaus. In
different accounts, he was depicted as the king of either Mycenae or Argos. During the
Trojan War, he was the leader of the Greek forces. On his journey, Agamemnon faced
multiple obstacles, but ultimately acquired Cassandra after sacking Troy. When he
returned home, Aegisthus had fallen in love with Clytemnestra, Agamemnon’s wife, and
both murdered Agamemnon and Cassandra. Later on Agamemnon’s son, Orestes,
eventually killed both Aegisthus and Clytemnestra.
According to Greek mythology, Antigone was the daughter of King Oedipus and Jocasta.
Antigone was also Oedipus’s half-sister because Oedipus married his mother who was
Jocasta. Because of this sin, Antigone, her sister Ismene, and Oedipus were sent into
exile. Antigone returned to Thebes after Oedipus passed away, thus found out that her
two brothers Eteocles and Polyneices were at war and both had died. Creon, the new king
of Thebes, declared that Polyneices was a traitor and should remain unburied. Antigone
went against Creon and buried him, hence leading to her death.
In Christianity, Armageddon is the site of the final battle between God and Satan. It is
believed that Armageddon will be the site of the last climactic battle fought between the
opposition forces of good and evil. In Revelation 16:16 of the Bible, Armageddon is
mentioned as the place where troops will gather. Although the final battle is supposed to
be set in the Valley of Jezreel, which Megiddo overlooks, the actual event occurred in the
Valley of Jehosphaphat, which is adjacent to Jerusalem.
According to Greek mythology, Schoeneus desperately hoped for a son than when
Atalanta was born, he abandoned her in the mountains to die. Artemis came to the rescue
by sending a “she-bear” and Atalanta was then raised as a hunter. Her skills won the heart