brain book - brainstem- the oldest part and central core of...

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brainstem- the oldest part and central core of the brain o it stems from the spinal cord o responsible for automatic survival functions o relays messages between spinal cord and the brain o composed of the midbrain, medulla, the pons, and the reticular formation medulla- the base of the brainstem o regulates heartbeat, blood circulation, and breathing pons- controls specific respiratory functions o acts as a relay station from medulla to higher structures in brain sensory cortex- the region at the front of the parietal lobes o registers and processes touch and movement sensations cerebellum- the “little brain” attached to the back of the brainstem o processes sensory input and sensory information used by motor systems o coordinates physical movement and balance, such as walking o coordination of muscular movements, balance, precision, timing, body positions hypothalamus- a structure lying below the thalamus and above the pituitary o vital to the autonomic nervous system o directs body maintenance activities such as hunger o linked to emotion
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ENGLISH 75 taught by Professor Cheng during the Fall '06 term at Hong Kong Shue Yan.

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brain book - brainstem- the oldest part and central core of...

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