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Answers to Assignment _1 - 7th - 1, 2, 18, 19, 20, 3, 4

Answers to Assignment _1 - 7th - 1, 2, 18, 19, 20, 3, 4 -...

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Solutions to Problems 1-25 There are two major factors that may make an audit necessary for Greenbloom Garden Centers. First, the company may require long-term financing for its expansion into other cities in Florida. Entities such as banks or insurance companies are likely to be the sources of the company's debt financing. These entities normally require audited financial statements before lending significant funds and generally require audited financial statements during the time period the debt is outstanding. There is information asymmetry between the lender of funds and the owner of the business, and this asymmetry results in information risk to the lender. Even if the business could get funding without an audit, a clean audit report by a reputable auditor might very well reduce the lender’s information risk and make the terms of the loan more favorable to the owner. Second, as the company grows, the family will lose control over the day-to-day operations of the stores. An audit can provide an additional monitoring activity for the family in controlling the expanded operations of the company. 1-26 a. Evidence that assists the auditor in evaluating financial statement assertions consists of the underlying accounting data and any additional information available to the auditor, whether originating from the client or externally. b. Management makes assertions about components of the financial statements. For example, an entity's financial statements may contain a line item that accounts receivable amount to $1,750,000. In this instance, management is asserting, among other things, that the receivables exist, the entity owns the receivables, and the receivables are properly valued. Audit evidence helps the auditor determine whether management’s assertions are being met. If the auditor is comfortable that he or she can provide reasonable assurance that all assertions are met for all accounts, he or she can issue a clean audit report. In short, the assertions are a conceptual tool to help the auditor ensure that she or he has “covered all the bases.” c. In searching for and evaluating evidence, the auditor should be concerned with the relevance and reliability of evidence. If the auditor mistakenly relies on evidence that does not relate to the assertion being tested, an incorrect conclusion may be reached about the management assertion. Reliability refers to the ability of evidence to signal the true state of the assertion, i.e. whether it is actually being met or not. 1-27 a. The major phases of the audit and their descriptions are: 1. Client acceptance/continuance and establish an understanding with the client . The auditor decides to accept a new client or to retain an existing client. The auditor establishes an understanding with the client regarding the services to be performed, engagement timing, fees, etc.
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