8 Group Processes

8 Group Processes - Social Psychology 8 - Group Processes...

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8.1 Collective Processes In collectives, people are together with minimal direct interaction. Social Facilitation ~ enhances perfomance on easy tasks, but impairs difficult ones Example: Playing Piano with audience - if you are a good player, you’ll feel challenged and play better than usual - if you’re a bad player, you will play even worse evaluation apprehension : SF occurs only if others can judge our actions (blind or sleeping persons can’t) Social Loafing People are working less hard while being in a group even in strong team situations such as in a sports challenge, individuals work less hard than on their own Social Security Special case: individual sees direct positive feedback from exceptional effort (eg. a penguin trying to fly) - then the single person tries in a difficult task to be much better than the whole group Deindividuation “a wild, raging, stomping mob with forks and torches” Factors for ~ Accountability Cues (“will someone know I did this?”) Attentional Cues (how wild or arousing is the environment?) Group characteristics influence individuals (Hooligans -> destruction, peace demonstration -> altruism) 8.2 Group Processes Group Joining 5 Stages of Group Development (Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, Adjourning - p.269) Group Components Roles : set of exceptations from members - competence problems when not defined) Norms : behaviour rules and -limits for members) Cohesiveness : force holding group together. can be positive (reward for staying) or negative (cost for leaving) Group Polarization When individual opinions inside a group aren’t identical, they get more extreme during a discussion Reasons Persuasive Arguments: people hear extreme opinions from others and acknowledge or reject them, following their own tendency ( confirmation bias , ch. 4) Social Comparison: some people have no opinion in the beginning and start to believe the most enthusiastic speaker during discussion ( availability heuristics , ch. 4) social categorization (ch.5): tendency of people to categorize in social [stereotype] groups
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Dansullivan during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

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8 Group Processes - Social Psychology 8 - Group Processes...

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