Ch 1 Notes

Ch 1 Notes - Social Psychology, First Canadian Edition,...

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Social Psychology, First Canadian Edition, Sharon S. Brehm, Saul Kassin, Steven Fein, and Tara Burke Chapter 1 Introduction - Engaging in social interactions is associate with improved verbal and numerical ability - Eisenberger et al, 2003; Singh-Manoux et al, 2003, Wicker et al, 2003 o Seeing an expression of disgust on someone else s face activates the same part of the brain as when we feel disgust (the insula) o Experiencing social rejection produces activity in the same region of the brain as when we feel physical pain (anterior cingulated cortex) 1.1) What is Social Psychology? - Social Psychology is the scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behavie in regard to other people and how individuals thoughts, feelings, and behaviours are affected by other people A) Defining Social Psychology a. Scientific Study i. Social Psychology applies scientific methods to the study of the human condition b. How Individuals Think, Feel, and Behave i. Sociology = groups; Social Psychology = the individual. .. where the emphasis is c. Other People The Social Element i. Sometimes study nonsocial factors 1. Anderson et al, 2003; Anderson and Huesmann, 2003 studied whether heat causes people to behave more aggressively ii. Allport, 1985 - Implied or imagined presence of others can have important effects on the individual iii. Leary et al, 1998 - If people imagine receiving positive or negative reactions from others, their self esteem can be significantly altered iv. Baldwin, 1994 - Subliminal presentation of the name of a person known to be either critical or accepting can influence mood v. Galinsky and Ku, 2004 if young people are asked to imagine living a day in the life of an elderly person, their ratings of the elderly on various traits become more positive B) Social Psychological Questions and Applications C) The Power of the Social Context: An Example of a Social Psychological Experiment a. Pronin et al, 2004 Identity bifurcation; awareness of a negative stereotype; women s ability in math versus men was the dependent variable i. Emotional Condition was defined as success in math and femininity ii. Empathic Condition was defined as just femininity iii. Thinking about the negative stereotype made women deny their associations with femininity D) Social Psychology and Related Fields: Distinctions and Intersection
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Ch 1 Notes - Social Psychology, First Canadian Edition,...

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