Ch 4 Notes

Ch 4 Notes - CHAPTER 4: PERCEIVING PERSONS -1993- Robert...

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C HAPTER 4: P ERCEIVING P ERSONS -1993- Robert Latimer killed his 12-year-old daughter Tracy. Tracy suffered from Cerebal Palsy, had endured several painful surgeries, and was both physically and mentally disabled. Latimer ran a hose from his truck exhaust into the cab where Tracy sat, and then watched while she died. What he a compassionate father tryint to put his daughter out of daily misery and relieve her suffering? Was he a callous father trying to free himself from the exhausting daily rituals required to keep his daughter alive? -Social perception: the process by which people come to understand one another Four sections of chapter 4, Observation, Attribution, Integration, Confirmation keep in mind in the events of life you are both a perceiver and a target of others’ perceptions O BSERVATION : T HE E LEMENTS OF S OCIAL P ERCEPTION -the social perceiver come to know other by relying on indirect cues which arise from three sources: persons, situation, and behaviour. 1) Persons: Judging a Book by it’s Cover -the impressions we form of others are influenced by superficial aspects of their appearance, such as height, weight, skin colour, tattoos, eyeglasses…etc. -as social perceivers, we are also influenced by the colour of peoples clothing Aldert Vrij found that crime suspects are seen as more aggressive when dressed in black-a colour associated with evil and death in some cultures-than when they wear lighter clothing -we may also be influenced by a person’s name Robert Young and others found that fictional characters with ‘old generation’ names (Harry, Walter, Dorothy, Edith) are judge as less popular and intelligent than those with’ young generation’ names (Kevin, Lisa, Michael, Michelle) -face is important, in ancient Greece practiced physiognomy which is the art of reading faces -just as people read traits from faces, they can read traits into faces Ran Hassin and Yaacov Trope fond that people prejudge others in photographs as kind hearted rather than mean spirited based on features as a full round face, curly hair, long eyelashes, large eyes… -we infer attitudes by looking at someone’s face Grant, Button, Hannah and Ross showed students head and shoulder shots of individuals from teens to late seventies. Conservative attitudes were given to men concerning homosexuality and childrearing, while women were seen as more conservative regarding religion. Attractive people were deemed to be most liberal, and older adults most conservative.
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Zebowitz and McDonald found that in small-claims court, judges are more likely to favour baby-faced defendants accused of wrongdoing, and against baby-faced individuals accused of negligence -Why are we so quick to judge others by appearance?3 possible explanations: 1. Humans are genetically programmed to respond gently to infantile features so that babies are treated lovingly 2. We simply learn to associate infantile features with helplessness and generalize this expectation to baby-faced adults 3. There is an actual linkage between physical appearance and behaviour, suggested
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Dansullivan during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

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Ch 4 Notes - CHAPTER 4: PERCEIVING PERSONS -1993- Robert...

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