-1993- Robert Latimer killed his 12-year-old daughter Tracy. Tracy suffered from
Cerebal Palsy, had endured several painful surgeries, and was both physically
and mentally disabled. Latimer ran a hose from his truck exhaust into the cab
where Tracy sat, and then watched while she died.
What he a compassionate father tryint to put his daughter out of daily misery and
relieve her suffering?
Was he a callous father trying to free himself from the exhausting daily rituals
required to keep his daughter alive?
the process by which people come to understand one another
Four sections of chapter 4, Observation, Attribution, Integration, Confirmation
keep in mind in the events of life you are both a perceiver and a target of others’
-the social perceiver come to know other by relying on indirect cues which arise from
three sources: persons, situation, and behaviour.
1) Persons: Judging a Book by it’s Cover
-the impressions we form of others are influenced by superficial aspects of their
appearance, such as height, weight, skin colour, tattoos, eyeglasses…etc.
-as social perceivers, we are also influenced by the colour of peoples clothing
Aldert Vrij found that crime suspects are seen as more aggressive when dressed
in black-a colour associated with evil and death in some cultures-than when they
wear lighter clothing
-we may also be influenced by a person’s name
Robert Young and others found that fictional characters with ‘old generation’
names (Harry, Walter, Dorothy, Edith) are judge as less popular and intelligent
than those with’ young generation’ names (Kevin, Lisa, Michael, Michelle)
-face is important, in ancient Greece practiced physiognomy which is the art of reading
-just as people read traits
faces, they can read traits
Ran Hassin and Yaacov Trope fond that people prejudge others in photographs
as kind hearted rather than mean spirited based on features as a full round face,
curly hair, long eyelashes, large eyes…
-we infer attitudes by looking at someone’s face
Grant, Button, Hannah and Ross showed students head and shoulder shots of
individuals from teens to late seventies. Conservative attitudes were given to men
concerning homosexuality and childrearing, while women were seen as more
conservative regarding religion. Attractive people were deemed to be most
liberal, and older adults most conservative.