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Ch 10 Notes - Chapter 10 Social Psychology 11:47 AM What...

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Chapter 10: Social Psychology 11-01-24 11:47 AM What makes some people at some times act to help others? What makes some turn their back on others? -Determinates of helping behavior are complex and multifaceted. - Evolutionary and Motivational Factors: Prosocial behaviors: actions intended to benefit others The Selfish Gene: If specific behavior enhances reproductive success, genetic underpinnings of that behavior are more likely to be passed on to subsequent generations. -behavior becomes part of common inheritance of species -being helped by others increase chances of survival -preserve your genes by promoting survival of those who share your genetic makeup, even if you perish in the effort. Kinship selection: tendency to help genetic relatives (could become an innate characteristic) -preferential helping of genetic relatives are strongest when biological stakes are high -studies involving asking individuals how they would react in a situation in which people needed help, showed hat people were more likely to help kin relations Rewards of Helping” Helping others to help oneself: -helping others is rewarding -people more likely to help when the potential rewards of helping seem high. -potential helpers conduct a cost benefit analysis when making deliberate decisions to behave prosaically and in sudden impulsive decisions to intervene in an emergency. Arousal: cost reward model: -emotional+cognitive factors determine whether bystanders to an emergency will intervene. Feeling Good: -people whose high self esteem has been threatened or people that feel guilty motivates people to behave pro socially to regain positive feelings. -giving help feeling better (improves mental and physical health) -helping may improve mood or reduce stress.
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-positive affect of one’s health. -prisoners dilemma game: Individuals compete or cooperate for individual and joint pay offs. (individuals’ brain activity in the experiment suggested that cooperation was intrinsically rewarding[reinforcing altruism and inhibiting selfishness]) -study of people who support multiple sclerosis showed that supporters showed improvements in confidence, self awareness, self esteem, and relief from depression three years after being surveyed. -2 considerations rated highest include “It makes me feel good about myself” (in terms of rewards) and “I might get hurt” (as a cost) being or appearing to be Good: -sense of moral obligation or duty to help -people want to behave morally, which drives people to help each other -ignoring moral principles may cause people to act inhumanely. Moral hypocrisy: People try to convince themselves and others that they are driven to help others by moral principles, when they are really doing so to appear moral. -research shows that people are more likely to act morally when actions benefitted themselves.
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