Ch 11 Notes

Ch 11 Notes - Chapter 11 Aggression Social psychologists...

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Chapter 11 – Aggression Social psychologists would ask the question what social factors cause aggression and crime? Rates of crime in Canadian cities are much lower than those found in similarly sized American cities. Bullying found to be extremely common in schools across the globe. Chronic peer abuse appears to be a risk factor in suicidal behaviour, depression, and poor mental health among adolescents. o The injurious psychological effects of bullying are felt especially intensely by children with low self-esteem. o In most of the instances of school shootings during the past several years, the shooters had reportedly felt bullied or picked on by peers. Agression – behaviour that is intended to harm another individual. Any definition that relies on an individual’s intentions has a serious drawback because you cannot necessarily see the person’s intentions. Aggression can come in many forms, words and deeds. Inaction can be considered aggressive. . (ex. If you know someone is going to do something that will intentionally harm themselves or humiliate themselves, yet fail to warn them because you want to see them hurt themselves – this inaction could be considered aggressive) To distinguish them from less harmful behaviours, extreme acts of aggression are called violence . Anger consists of strong feelings of displeasure in response to a perceived injury; the exact nature of these feelings depends on the specific situation. Hostility- is a negative, antagonistic attitude toward another person or group. Anger and hostility often closely related to aggression (not always). Instrumental aggression- inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value (includes self defense – if the aggressor believes there is an easier way to obtain the goal, aggression would not occur). Emotional aggression – inflicting harm for its own sake. Often impulsive, carried out in the heat of the moment. Cultural and Gender Differences Cultural variation: Cultures vary dramatically in how and how much, their members aggress against each other. We can see this variation across societies and across specific groups, or subcultures, within a society. Comparison across societies : some countries or societies have higher crime rates than others (ex. United states’ murder rates is one of the highest among industrialized nations)
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- forms of violence and p eoples attitudes toward kinds of aggression differs internationally. - Cultures differ in terms of aggression involving children (what is unacceptable in one country m ay not be in another) - What is considered violence a nd what is considered tradition (ex. Girls having g enitals m utilated in so m e way in places such as Africa and Asia Non violent societies – include ones such as The Amish, the Hutterites etc. they promote cooperation and discourage co mp etition which result in an incredible reduction of violence.
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Ch 11 Notes - Chapter 11 Aggression Social psychologists...

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