Ch 12 Notes

Ch 12 Notes - Social Psychology Chapter 12 Law Jury...

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Social Psychology Chapter 12 – Law Jury Selection The jury selection is a three stage process. o Contact eligible jurors: citizens who live in the community, mainly from voter registration list. o Randomly draw people from eligible list of citizens and summon them for duty; this ensures a representative sample is obtained. Voire dire : court performs a screening process to make sure they don’t know any of the people in the trial and therefore eliminate bias. o Peremptory challenge : lawyers are given the chance to accept the juror or challenge them, limited number of challenges but they do not need a reason to reject them. They are then given unlimited challenges for cause, where they can challenge a juror if they feel they are biased. In extreme cases if the entire community is thought to be bias, trial can be postponed or moved to another location. Jurors must make choices quickly, under pressure and with little information. Lawyers often rely on implicit personality theories (assume certain attributes are related to each other and to behavior) and stereotypes (implicit theory that assumes all members of a group share the same attributes). Often claimed that lawyers can predict a juror’s verdict by demographic factors such as age, gender, race, occupation, etc. Examples: o Athletes lack sympathy, engineers are unemotional, bearded men resist authority o Women are more skeptical than men, particularly to attractive female witnesses o Selection advice is also seen to be reflected in faces, body language and clothing But research does not support these assumptions and they can prove to be misleading. Study examples: o Tested the hypothesis that jurors favored defendants who are similar to themselves. Results showed that participants were more lenient in their verdict to defendants of the same race in cases where evidence was weak. However in the case where evidence was strong, they showed to be harsher against same-race defendants o Another study found that race did not particularly matter in crimes involving race and racism, opposing the popular notion that it would. The Courtroom Drama (Presentation of Evidence) Confession evidence: people will confess to a crime they did not commit especially when under pressure Social influences and pressure are put upon suspects. Police use interrogation to get people to confess. There are nine main steps of the interrogation process, which are part of a larger procedure known as “Reid Technique”
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o Confront suspect wit assertions of their guilt o Develop “themes” that appear to justify the crime o Interrupt all statements of innocence and denial o Overcome all the suspect’s objections to the charges o Keep increasingly passive suspect from tuning out o Show sympathy and understanding, urge suspect to tell all o Offer suspect a face-saving explanation for their guilty actions o Get suspect to recount details of the crime o Convert the statement into a full written confession
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Dansullivan during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

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Ch 12 Notes - Social Psychology Chapter 12 Law Jury...

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