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BBlecture1S09s - Welcome to Biology 140 Welcome...

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Unformatted text preview: Welcome to Biology 140 Welcome Fundamentals of Fundamentals Microbiology Microbiology “Introduction to the biology of Introduction bacterial and archaeal organisms. Topics include microbial cell structure and function, methods of cultivation, genetics, phylogeny and taxonomy, and metabolic and genetic diversity.” genetic Intro1 Intro2 Other Microbiology Courses at Waterloo Courses • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Biology 241 – Introduction to Applied Microbiology Biology 345 – Microorganisms in Foods Biology 346 – Microbial Ecology (was Biol 446) Biology 348L – Laboratory Methods in Microbiology Biology 431 – Bacterial Molecular Genetics Biology 442 – Virology Biology 443 – Fermentation Biotechnology Biology 444 – Microorganisms and Disease Biology 447 – Environmental Microbiology Biology 448 – Microbial Physiology and Biochemistry Biology 449 – Public Health Microbiology Biology Biology 466 – Advanced Biogeochemical Microbiology Biology 474 – Bioprocessing Biology 475 – Current Topics in Applied Microbiology Intro3 Biology 140: Fundamentals of Microbiology Biology Dr. B.J. Butler, B1 Rm 279 ext. 35081, [email protected] Textbook: Textbook: Madigan, MT, Martinko, JM, Dunlap, PV, Clark, DP. 2009. Brock Biology of Microorganisms, 12th ed. Pearson Benjamin Cummings. • available at UW bookstore th 40L (related lab course): begins week of May 11 (related ctor: Dr. C. Duxbury, ESC Rm 357F, ext. 36450, [email protected] ctor: anual – available at UW bookstore IS required; lab coat required Biol 140 web page: accessible on UW-ACE • syllabus, list of topics & text readings, powerpoint presentation files, notes, other course information Intro4 Course marks: Course midterm exams: #2 final exam: st #1 25% 55% 20% 100% erm exams: (tentative until room is scheduled) #1: Mon June 1 , 5:45 - 6:45 p.m. th #2: Mon June 29 , 5:45 - 6:45 p.m. Supplementary resources: O Reserve, Davis exam: will be scheduled by thenRegistrar (2.5 h)Library th m Prescott, L.M., multipleJ.P., Klein, D.A. 2005. Microbiology, 6 format will be Harley, choice, matching, true-or-false questions ed. McGraw-Hill. Salyers, A.A., Whitt, D.D. 2001. Microbiology: diversity, disease and the environment. Fitzgerald Science Press. Black, J.G. 2005. Microbiology Principles and Explorations. Wiley. Perry, J.J., Staley, J.T., Lory, S. 2002. Microbial Life. Sinauer Associates. Intro5 Academic discipline: Academic • Policy 71 (Student Academic Discipline Policy): • http://www.adm.uwaterloo.ca/infosec/Policies/policy71.htm • Biology Department’s policies: • see your lab manual issues: • infringing unreasonably on the work of others • cheating on exams, assignments, work term reports, or any other work • impersonating another student/being impersonated for exam, assignments • plagiarism - presenting ideas, words, other intellectual property of another as one's own; others’ work must be properly acknowledged & referenced • obtaining by improper means exams, similar materials; using, distributing to others • falsifying academic records, or submitting false credentials • oral/written misrepresentations which may affect academic evaluations • fraudulent health claims, obtaining medical/other certificates under false pretenses, altering certificates for purposes of misrepresentation. • submitting an essay, report, or assignment when a major portion has been previously submitted/being submitted for another course without express permission of all instructors involved Intro6 Disciplinary Penalties: one or more of the following may be imposed Disciplinary • a reprimand • submission of a failing grade in an exam, test, assignment, course; or, where applicable, failed standing in a term • disciplinary probation for balance of period of registration at University • restraining orders in case of threats to individuals or restitution for property or other damages, as may be appropriate • expunging grades or revoking degrees • suspension of a student from the University, which shall not exceed three years. While suspended, a student may not register in the University and shall lose right to attend lectures, write examinations & receive payment from University sources; courses taken elsewhere during a period of suspension shall not be eligible for credit toward a UW degree • expulsion shall be permanent & a statement of such action shall be part of student's permanent academic record & shall appear on all subsequent transcripts • such other penalty or order as appropriate in the circumstances Verification of Illness Forms: must be certified by Science Verification Undergraduate Office (ESC 253) - see course syllabus micro1 .1: Microbiology .2: Microorganisms as Cells .3: Microorganism and Their Natural Environments Environment .4: The Antiquity and Extent of Microbial Life .4: .5: The Impact of Microorganisms on Humans .5: (a) Why are we studying this? (a) Microorganisms and Microbiology, micro2 What is Microbiology? What • The science of microorganisms The (very small, unicellular organisms) (very • The discipline is just over a The century old century • Has given rise to molecular Has biology and biotechnology biology What are Microbes? What micro3 micro4 • bacterial cells viewed with light microscope • bacterial cell viewed with electron (Fig 1.2, 12 ed) microscope th micro4a Root Nodule micro4b acteroids within Root Nodule Characteristics of cellular life: Characteristics micro5 (Fig 1.3, 12th ed) micro6 (Fig 1.3, 12th ed) micro7 Why study Microbiology? Why • Microorganisms were the first life on Microorganisms earth earth • Microorganisms created the biosphere Microorganisms that allowed multicellular organisms to evolve evolve • Multicellular organisms evolved from Multicellular microorganisms microorganisms • >50% of the biomass on earth is >50% comprised of microorganisms comprised • Microorganisms will be on earth forever mmary of life on Earth through time: mmary micro8 (Fig 1.6, 12th ed) micro9 micro10 Why study Microbiology? Why • Our understanding of life has Our arisen largely from studies of microorganisms (biochemistry and genetics) genetics) • Studies of microorganisms Studies continue to contribute to fundamental knowledge of life processes processes • We still know very little about the We microorganisms that are present chine and coding functions of the cell: chine micro11 (Fig 1.4, 12th ed) micro12 Why study Microbiology? Why • Health • Agriculture • Food • Environment act of microorganisms on human affairs: micro13 (Fig 1.7, 12th ed) micro13a micro13b micro13c micro13d micro13e micro14 (Fig 1.8, 12th ed) • infectious diseases are no longer the leading cause of death in North America, due to the development and use of antimicrobial agents, and improved sanitary practices ...
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