Lecture_14_children_Rachels_ACE

Lecture_14_children_Rachels_ACE - Rachels Obligations to...

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Rachels: Obligations to children Lecture 14: June 24 th
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Consequentialism, deontology and impartiality Consequentialism – impartiality = equal consideration of interests. Problem – too demanding. Deontology – impartiality = universalizability. Problem – if taken from the point of view of the agent, racism can be justified. If not, fails to endorse anything
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Partiality and luck Rachels Partiality to children – provide them with everything they need for a good life. Luck – being born into a family that can provide. No more deserving than a child born into poor conditions.
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Conflict between impartiality and personal relationships 3 possible solutions: 1. Reject the idea that morality is impartial. Problem: impartiality is useful for explaining why egoism, racism, and sexism are wrong. 2. Reject the idea of special parental obligations. 3. Compromise view - find some way of understanding the two notions that would make them consistent. Look for a morally relevant difference between one’s own children and others.
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Arguments supporting the compromise view The argument from social roles Society provides us with a variety of social roles. Citizen, friend, teacher, parent.
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Lecture_14_children_Rachels_ACE - Rachels Obligations to...

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