Lecture_15_poverty_Singer_ACE

Lecture_15_poverty_Singer_ACE - Singer: Famine, Affluence...

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Singer: Famine, Affluence and Morality Lecture 15: June 29 th , 2009
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Poverty 1.4 billion people, or one quarter of the population of the developing world, lived below our international line of $1.25 a day in 2005 prices. Before the global food crisis. 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day. How much do you spend a day?
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Singer’s two premises (P1) Suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care are bad. (P2) If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it. (Greater moral evil principle). Accepting these two premises has radical implications for the way that we live. Two implications: Proximity is irrelevant How much other people do or don’t do is irrelevant.
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Physical proximity may make it more likely that we will help but this is purely descriptive and tells us nothing about what we ought to do. Accepting that morality contains principles of equality, impartiality, universalizability, etc., means that we cannot discriminate against someone simply because they live far away. Singer’s views of helping others are similar to those of Rachels’. Some kinds of help are more efficiently given to those who are close to us. Help regarding food, money, clothing, and so on, can be just as
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PHIL 125 taught by Professor Bb during the Spring '11 term at University of Warsaw.

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Lecture_15_poverty_Singer_ACE - Singer: Famine, Affluence...

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