Lecture_16_poverty_Arthur

Lecture_16_poverty_A - Arthur Poverty Lecture 16 July 2nd 2009 Duty to prevent evil Principle of equality All human life is of equal value

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Arthur: Poverty Lecture 16: July 2 nd , 2009
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Duty to prevent evil Principle of equality All human life is of equal value Difference in treatment should be based on freely chosen actions and not accidents of birth or environment. Distributing food unequally assumes that some lives are of greater value than others. Arthur – Is all life of equal value? Compare Hitler with Martin Luther King
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Understanding the principle of equality “All men are created equal.” No person is the moral inferior of another. Rights shared by all equally. Non-interference with others lives. “Like amounts of suffering are of equal significance.” My pain and suffering is no more objectively significant than yours. Based on Singer’s two premises. Suffering is bad. Greater moral evil principle.
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Entitlements While equality is an important consideration it is not the only consideration. Singer ignores entitlements. Singer’s view suggests that we are obligated to give away body parts. Most people would think we are entitled to keep our body parts.
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Entitlements: rights and desert Entitlements: rights Your rights can outweigh your duties. E.g. giving away body parts Negative and positive rights. Positive rights – contract into or agree to. Did not promise to help and are not responsible for person’s situation, then need not ignore our own rights Entitlements: desert Sometimes we deserve to keep what we have acquired.
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PHIL 125 taught by Professor Bb during the Spring '11 term at University of Warsaw.

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Lecture_16_poverty_A - Arthur Poverty Lecture 16 July 2nd 2009 Duty to prevent evil Principle of equality All human life is of equal value

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