Lecture_17_economic_justice_Rawls_ACE

Lecture_17_economic_justice_Rawls_ACE - Rawls: Economic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rawls: Economic Justice Lecture 17: July 7 th 2009
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Justice and social institutions Fairness – central to morality. Unfairness – treating two people differently for no justifiable reason. E.g. racism, sexism. Sometimes treating people differently is justifiable. Grading students based on merit. Social institutions shape our lives so we want them to be fair. Rawls – just social institutions are institutions that are fair.
Background image of page 2
Utilitarianism and contractarianism Utilitarianism Greatest good for the greatest number. Irrelevant that something is in my interest. Can be unfair, e.g. you’re always in a position where you have to give up your interests for the greater good. Contractarianism (Rawls) Why would anyone agree to give up their own interests for someone else’s interests? Theory based on maximizing self-interest. Seeks to establish rules that any self-interested agent would rationally agree to abide by. This would eliminate unfairness unless you benefit from the unfairness in some way that matters to you.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PHIL 125 taught by Professor Bb during the Spring '11 term at University of Warsaw.

Page1 / 8

Lecture_17_economic_justice_Rawls_ACE - Rawls: Economic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online