???? If you want to compar
e
Japan with France, would the total population of Western Europe be
a reasonable standard population?__________(yes or no)
####
No, Japan, being an Asian country, might be quite different from Western Europe.
3.19 There is no fixed rule for picking a standard population but, in the method usually used, the
standard selected is either a sum of countries being compared, or some total population of which
each country is a subset.
???? If we wish to select the standard population according to the above method, should Western
Europe be the standard population used in comparing the United States and France?
___________________(yes or no)
####
No, because the United States is not in Western Europe.
????
If we summed the population of Countries A and B and used the total as a standard to
compare Countries A and B, would this be a suitable standard?
_________
(yes or no)
#### Yes, this fits the usual method.
3.20.
If you wish to compare more than two countries, the same principle holds for the selection
of a standard population.
???? If we wish to compare Countries A, B, C and D, a suitable standard population would be the
_______________of all these populations.
####
Sum.
???? If we wish to compare Brazil, Argentina and Colombia, a suitable standard population
would be ______________. (Europe; South America; Asia)
####
South America.
3.21.
Once the choice has been made of a standard population, the age distribution of the
standard population provides us with the weights needed to compute the age adjusted death rate
for Country A or B.
???? We need the age distribution of the standard population before we can compute the
________________death rates.
#### Adjusted.
3.22.
Once we have the standard weights, the next step is to use them to compute a weighted
average.
Suppose the standard population of beblunks and the age specific deaths of beblunks in
Country A are as follows:
Table 3.2
Age
Age Specific
Death Rates in
Country A per
thousand
Population
of
Standard
1
200
400
2
100
300
3
050
200
4
500
75
5
1000
25
Total
1000
In the direct method of computing adjusted death rates, we
(1)
Multiply each age specific death rate by the number in the standard population;
(2)
Sum the products;
(3)
Divide by the total standard population for all ages.
17
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For example, using the data in Table 3.2, the adjusted death rate for the direct method would be:
m(direct) = [(400) (200)+(300) (l00)+(200) (50)+(75) (500)+(25) (1000)]/1000
m(direct) = 182.5 per 1000.
???? Suppose that Country B has the following age specific death rates. Compute the adjusted
death rate for Country B using the direct method using Table 3.2 and Table 3.3.
Table 3.3
Age
Population of
Country B
Death
Age Specific
Death Rates in
Country B per
thousand
Population
of
Standard
1
100
30
300
400
2
100
15
150
300
3
60
3
050
200
4
45
9
200
75
5
2
2
1000
25
Total
307
59
1000
m(direct
Total for B)= [(400)(300)+(
)(
)+ (
)(
)+… (
)(
)]/(
) = 215
per 1000.
???? If total size of the standard population were 22,530, what would be the denominator in the
calculation of m(direct)?
#### 22,530.
???? Do we need to know the age specific death rates in the standard population? (yes or no)
#### No, not for the direct method.
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 Fall '10
 Tarter
 Demography, standard population, age specific death, beblunks

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