An Analysis of ISIS.edited(1).docx - An In-depth Analysis...

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An In-depth Analysis of a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) A case study of ISIS First Name, Last Name Name of College/University Instructor’s Name Course Code May 2, 2020 1
An in-depth analysis of ISIS A Foreign Terrorist Organization is a designation for non-United States-based organizations deemed by the United States Secretary of State, by section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 195 (INA), that is involved in what US authorities define as terrorist activities. Most of these groups are Islamic by nature and are extremists often justifying their violent killings of non-Muslims using religion. The militant forces usually employ excessive means such as militant forces, suicide bombings and assassinations. This research will do a case study of ISIS; the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, also known as (ISIL) the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. A Sunni Jihadist group that calls itself a caliphate; a seized territory that claims itself as the religious lord of all Muslims. America has, for a long time, been on the hunt for ISIS and has spent a significant amount of time and resources to curb the group's funding. The constitution backs these actions of the US government under Section 212(a)3(B)of the immigration and Nationality Act. (INA) The Foreign Relations Authorization Act (FRAA) that defines terrorism as “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents''. According to Rollins (2019), he clarified, being guided by the constitution, three criteria that a group must meet to be designated as an FTO by the State's Department of Counterterrorism. They are: The suspected terrorist group must be a foreign organization, it must engage in or retain the capability and intent to engage in terrorism and threaten the security of the US nationals or the national defence, foreign relations or the economic interests of the United States. The United States of America has listed over 60 FTOs among them being the Al-Qaeda which was founded by Osama Bin Laden in 1988. It has participated in many wars in the Middle East among them being Global War on Terrorism, Afghanistan Conflict, Somali Civil War, an insurgency in the Maghreb and many more terrorist attacks. In Africa, the Al-Shabaab has strong roots in Somalia and has carried out numerous attacks to its neighbouring country Kenya. Hundreds have died from vicious attacks carried out in public places such as malls and the country's northern parts. Boko Haram, another FTO is based in West Africa, has also spelt doom in Northern Nigeria. It is also active in Chad, Niger and Northern Cameroon where it is responsible for major attacks and the deaths of hundreds of the population. Before venturing more into ISIS, it is prudent that we bring to light the responsibility of every American in helping curtail the FTOs activities. Per Section 219 of the INA, as amended via section 302 of the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, every American 2

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