Session 16_Language_handout

Session 16_Language_handout - Preconceptions We tend to...

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1 The Nature of Language Dr. Kim Vu PSY 332: Cognition 1 Session 16 Class Announcement ± For Chapter 10 you only need to read pages 354-358 (as stated on the syllabus PSY 332: Cognition 2 Dr. Kim Vu pages 354 358 (as stated on the syllabus) Linguistics ± Study of language (Noam Chomsky) ² ² words PSY 332: Cognition 3 Dr. Kim Vu ² ² structure ² ± We tend to think of language as ² a great invention of ____________ ² taught to children Preconceptions PSY 332: Cognition 4 Dr. Kim Vu ² taught in schools ² a cultural invention ± Some claim that this is ____________ instead, language is an ____________ Why is language considered an Instinct? ± “The universality of language is a discovery that fills linguists with awe, and is the first reason to suspect that language is not just any cultural PSY 332: Cognition 5 Dr. Kim Vu invention but the product of a special human instinct” (Pinker, 1994) ² No ____________ has ever been discovered ² There is no such thing as a ____________ language ² Difficulties developing ____________ language Biology ± Language is a specialized skill of human animals ² PSY 332: Cognition 6 Dr. Kim Vu ± Humans ____________ instinctively learn language ² ² unconscious ²
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2 Learning ± Like all skills, language needs the proper environment to be developed ² PSY 332: Cognition 7 Dr. Kim Vu ² Learning ± Humans also need an _______________________________ PSY 332: Cognition 8 Dr. Kim Vu ± Language development needs exposure to other people for communication ² Child learning ± Children do not learn language by simply imitating others ² PSY 332: Cognition 9 Dr. Kim Vu We holded the baby rabbits. Learning ± Instead, each child _______________ ² difficult to test because we rarely get to see a language created from a non- PSY 332: Cognition 10 Dr. Kim Vu language ² however, there are cases! ± Slave plantations in the South Pacific mixed together people of many different languages ² Pidgin ± For example, in New Guinea ² pidgin is similar to English (rulers of the plantation) PSY 332: Cognition 11 Dr. Kim Vu
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Session 16_Language_handout - Preconceptions We tend to...

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