390Personality

390Personality - Personality PERSONALITY TRAIT = 1.)...

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Personality PERSONALITY TRAIT = 1.) HERITABLE (I.e., genetically influenced; approximately half of variation is due to genetic differences) 2.) INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 3.) REASONABLY STABLE 4.) RELATING TO A PERSON'S EMOTIONAL, INTERPERSONAL, EXPERIENTIAL, ATTITUDINAL, AND MOTIVATIONAL STYLES.
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Personality 1.) EACH PERSONALITY DIMENSION REPRESENTS VARIATION IN AN EVOLVED SYSTEM. EVERYONE HAS THE SYSTEM, BUT SOME PEOPLE ARE HIGHER ON THE DIMENSION THAN OTHERS; E. G., WE ALL HAVE THE MECHANISMS UNDERLYING FEAR, BUT SOME PEOPLE ARE MORE FEARFUL THAN OTHERS 2.) EACH EVOLVED SYSTEM IS A BIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION WITH A SPECIFIC SURVIVAL FUNCTION. E.G., FEAR FUNCTIONS TO AVOID DANGERS
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Personality 3.) EXTREMES TEND TO BE MALADAPTIVE BEING AFRAID OF DANGEROUS THINGS IS ADAPTIVE, BUT BEING AFRAID OF EVERYTHING ISN'T
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Personality 4.) PERSONALITY TRAITS OR SYSTEMS ARE NOT TYPES OF PEOPLE. Individuals are high or low on a given personality system, but it’s misleading to describe people as “the shy type” or the conscientious type as if they don’t have other facets to their personality.
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Behavioral Approach System (1) BEHAVIORAL APPROACH VARIATION IN: SOCIAL DOMINANCE, ATTRACTION TO REWARD, SENSATION SEEKING, IMPULSIVITY, RISK-TAKING, ASSERTIVENESS, AGGRESSION EMOTIONS: POSITIVE AROUSAL, EXHILARATION, HAPPINESS, CONFIDENCE, POSITIVE SELF-REGARD, ANGER SURVIVAL FUNCTION: ACTIVE INTERFACE WITH ENVIRONMENT (Get stuff): Mates, status, other resources
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Behavioral Approach (Go) System EXTREMES MALADAPTIVE High extreme: Extreme on sensation seeking, impulsivity and reward sensitivity. Low extreme: Depression, lack of interest in rewards. PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISM: REWARD SENSITIVITY; AROUSAL REGULATION; SENSATION SEEKING GENES Emotion centers of the left cortex; the left cortex has inhibitory connections to right cortex responsible for negative emotions (Table 3.1) SEX DIFFERENCES: MALES > FEMALES AGE CHANGES: HIGHEST IN LATE ADOLESCENCE, YOUNG ADULTHOOD: THE "YOUNG MALE SYNDROME"
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Behavioral Approach (Go) System: “Young Male Syndrome” Murder arrests by age
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STOP SYSTEM (BEHAVIORAL INHIBITION SYSTEM) VARIATION IN: FEAR, CAUTION, WORRY ABOUT THREATS TO SELF OR NOVELTY THERE IS VARIATION IN FEAR AND ANXIETY IN NOVEL (SCARY) SITUATIONS OR WITH UNFAMILIAR PEOPLE BEGINNING IN SECOND HALF OF FIRST YEAR KAGAN: 15% OF 2-YEAR-OLDS ARE BEHAVIORLY INHIBITED; CONSIDERABLE STABILITY OF BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES (HIGH AND STABLE HEART RATE, STRESS HORMONES)
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STOP SYSTEM (BEHAVIORAL INHIBITION SYSTEM) EMOTIONS: FEAR, ANXIETY, TENSION SURVIVAL FUNCTION: RESPOND TO DANGERS EXTREMES MALADAPTIVE: High end: Phobic; Low end: fearless SEX DIFFERENCES: FEMALES > MALES
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Affectional (Love/Nurturance) System 3.) AFFECTIONAL SYSTEM VARIATION IN: TENDENCIES TOWARD LOVE, WARMTH, ALTRUISM, SYMPATHY, COMPASSION, TRUST, COMPLIANCE, EMPATHY EMOTIONS: LOVE, SYMPATHY, EMPATHY
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390Personality - Personality PERSONALITY TRAIT = 1.)...

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