390-TextStudyGuide - Child Psychopathology Study Guide...

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Child Psychopathology Study Guide Chapter 3: Basic Psychological Theories Be able to write an essay comparing the lecture material on implicit and explicit processing to Freud’s ideas on the id and the superego. What’s the difference between implicit processing and Freud’s idea of the unconscious? What’s the difference between the superego and explicit processing/effortful control? Behavioral Theories: Know definitions of classical conditioning, operant conditioning, extinguishing behaviors; negative versus positive reinforcement p. 73: Focus on behavior: How does this contrast with psychoanalysis? Cognitive therapy? What was Watson’s experiment on fear? p. 74: Behaviorists “do not see humans as automatons.” How does this passage relate to the lecture material on explicit processing/effortful control? p. 76: How did Wolpe treat phobias? (What is reciprocal inhibition?) Cognitive Theories: p. 80: What are schemata? P. 81: why do they develop? How can they create problems? (Note especially the example on pp. 81-82.) p. 82: How can cognitions influence emotion? What is Ellis’s ABC model of behavior? What are automatic thoughts? (This relates to implicit processing as discussed in the lecture. In lecture I emphasized that automatic thoughts may be the result of modules for aggression or sexuality. However, the point here is that things that we have learned really well (i.e., by repeated experiences), it becomes automatic—such as when a girl repeatedly experiences rejection at a dance, thoughts of rejection will be automatically triggered by the dance context.) What is the role of therapy regarding automatic thoughts? Notice that therapists challenge irrational thinking. (Give example.) Attachment theory pp. 86-87: How is attachment an evolutionary adaptation? p. 87: Be able to give the analysis from the attachment lecture of what’s going on in the second full paragraph (i.e., the secure base idea). p. 87: What evidence is there that attachment is a human universal? P. 87: When do babies become particular about who is caring for them? What are the functions of attachment (i.e., the section on the Importance of Attachment). p. 88: Know the three attachment classifications. How do the babies behave in the Strange Situation? P. 89: Define the Internal Working Model and how it influences later relationships. What is the therapeutic process for attachment disorders. (In class it was mentioned that the sensitive period may make it difficult to alter the IWM. Remember, the IWM is a special schema—not easily changed, and this may especially true after infancy.)
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Family Systems Theory p. 92: Describe Lewin’s research. What’s the point of the Jackson & Weakland (1959) study? P. 93-94: In class we talked about several different personality systems and the theory of psychopathology presented was based on individual characteristics. How does this contrast with the approach to childhood anxiety or childhood aggression on p. 94? What is homeostasis as it applies to families? What are linear and circular causation?
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390-TextStudyGuide - Child Psychopathology Study Guide...

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